The Complex Relationship between Immigrants’ Concentration, Socioeconomic Environment and Attitudes towards Immigrants in Europe

Hoxhaj, Rezart and Zuccotti, Carolina V., (2021). The Complex Relationship between Immigrants’ Concentration, Socioeconomic Environment and Attitudes towards Immigrants in Europe. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 44(2), 272-292

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Hoxhaj, Rezart
    Zuccotti, Carolina V.
    Title The Complex Relationship between Immigrants’ Concentration, Socioeconomic Environment and Attitudes towards Immigrants in Europe
    Appearing in Ethnic and Racial Studies
    Volume 44
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2021-07-07
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Taylor and Francis Online
    Start page 272
    End page 292
    Language eng
    Abstract Research has shown that positive attitudes towards immigration are often associated with a higher presence of immigrants at the local level; however, this relationship might not apply everywhere. While a higher presence of immigrants might be positive for attitudes in areas with better socioeconomic resources – via the development of more cooperative intergroup contacts – it might bring no or even a negative effect on attitudes in poorer areas – due to an enhanced competition for (scarce) resources and poorer social cohesion. This article combines data from the European Social Survey with NUTS3 aggregated data of twelve European countries to study this relationship. We find that a higher concentration of immigrants is associated with more positive attitudes towards them; in line with our expectations, this effect decreases as the socioeconomic conditions of areas worsen. In the most deprived areas, however, a higher concentration of immigrants does not have an effect on attitudes.
    Keyword Attitudes
    Immigrant Concentration
    Europe
    NUTS3
    Socioeconomic Context
    Refugee Distribution
    Copyright Holder Taylor and Francis
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2020.1730926
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    Created: Tue, 21 May 2024, 20:32:02 JST by Masovic, Ajsela on behalf of UNU CRIS