Domestic and International Migration Intentions in Response to Environmental Stress: A Global Cross-Country Analysis

Bekaert, Els and Ruyssen, Ilse, (2021). Domestic and International Migration Intentions in Response to Environmental Stress: A Global Cross-Country Analysis. Journal of Demographic Economics, 1-54

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Bekaert, Els
    Ruyssen, Ilse
    Title Domestic and International Migration Intentions in Response to Environmental Stress: A Global Cross-Country Analysis
    Appearing in Journal of Demographic Economics
    Publication Date 2021-03-01
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Cambridge University Press
    Start page 1
    End page 54
    Language eng
    Abstract In light of increasing environmental stress and its likely implications for migration patterns, we conduct a cross-country individual-level analysis of the impact of self-reported exposure to environmental stress on people's migration intentions and their destination choice. We simultaneously model intentions to migrate domestically and internationally for 90 countries worldwide in 2010. We find that self-reported exposure to environmental stress increases the probability to intend to migrate both domestically and internationally in the coming year. In absolute terms, the largest impact is obtained for domestic migration, but controlling for the fact that this is the most common form of migration anyway, environmental stress particularly raises intraregional migration intentions. Overall, the effects on migration intentions to the different destinations are strongest in low- and middle-income countries in Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, while in high-income countries, and in Europe particularly, environmental stress appears to spur only domestic migration intentions.
    Keyword Destination choice
    domestic migration
    international migration
    migration intentions
    self-reported environmental stress
    Copyright Holder Université catholique de Louvain
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1017/dem.2020.28
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    Created: Thu, 16 May 2024, 23:43:26 JST by Masovic, Ajsela on behalf of UNU CRIS