Twinning Digital Transformation and Green Transformation toward Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

Jupesta, Joni, Akimoto, Keigo, Halsnaes, Kirsten, Denton, Fatima, Teng, Fei, Creutzig, Felix and Castaneda, Antonethe, "Twinning Digital Transformation and Green Transformation toward Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific" in Digital Transformation for Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Asia (Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute, 2024), 77-98.

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  • Author Jupesta, Joni
    Akimoto, Keigo
    Halsnaes, Kirsten
    Denton, Fatima
    Teng, Fei
    Creutzig, Felix
    Castaneda, Antonethe
    Chapter Title Twinning Digital Transformation and Green Transformation toward Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific
    Book Title Digital Transformation for Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Asia
    Publication Date 2024-01
    Place of Publication Tokyo
    Publisher Asian Development Bank Institute
    Start page 77
    End page 98
    Language eng
    Abstract The study by Jupesta et al (2023) depicts the twinning relationship between digitalization and climate change mitigation across sectors, focusing on the existing technology, market, and policy on the interaction between digitalization and climate change mitigation. In agriculture, using artificial intelligence (AI) for precision farming can reduce the required resources as well as utilize weather predictions. Therefore, the use of AI can reduce waste and hence, CO2 emissions. Moreover, by combining high-resolution satellite images and cloud computing to handle big data, a country can help prevent the conversion of forests. Along the same lines, using smart home systems can help increase residential energy efficiency, and 3D printing technology can help in sustainable construction and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency is also conditional on the accuracy of demand and supply of energy, and digital technology-based energy management strategies can enhance the accuracy of demand and supply of energy. In this regard, strategic use of solar energy can increase the supply without causing environmental stress if solar panels are installed without obstructing agricultural land. The use of solar panels can also be extended to residential areas and industrial areas. However, energy requirements outpaced the energy-efficiency improvement, albeit Industry 4.0 technologies use resources more efficiently. Therefore, there is a need to enhance awareness regarding energy-efficient machines, tools, and other technologies. Since the energy requirement is high in the transport industry, a study on European countries argues for increased use of digital technology in the transport sector. According to the study, digital technology on passenger vehicles can reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by 34% and 43%, respectively. The study also argues that there is a trade-off between digitalization and climate change mitigation. Therefore, there is a call for formulating a strategy to reap the benefits of digital connectivity.
    UNBIS Thesaurus CLIMATE CHANGE
    Keyword Digital inclusion
    Digitalization
    Green transformation
    Copyright Holder Asian Development Bank Institute
    Copyright Year 2023
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9784899742999
    9784899743002
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    Created: Tue, 16 Jan 2024, 17:05:56 JST by Hanna Takemoto on behalf of UNU IAS