Challenges and lessons learned for REDD+ finance and its governance

Morita, Kanako and Matsumoto, Kenichi, (2023). Challenges and lessons learned for REDD+ finance and its governance. Carbon Balance and Management, 18(8), 1-18

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Morita, Kanako
    Matsumoto, Kenichi
    Title Challenges and lessons learned for REDD+ finance and its governance
    Appearing in Carbon Balance and Management
    Volume 18
    Issue No. 8
    Publication Date 2023-05-18
    Place of Publication Lisbon
    Publisher Springer Nature
    Start page 1
    End page 18
    Language eng
    Abstract Discussion on reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries began at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties in 2005, and the agenda for “reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+)” was introduced under the UNFCCC. The REDD+ framework was developed with the expectation that it would significantly contribute to climate change mitigation at a relatively low cost and produce benefits for both developed and developing countries. Finance is a key element of REDD+ implementation, and many financial sources, approaches, and mechanisms have supported REDD+-related activities in various developing countries. However, the comprehensive challenges and lessons learned for REDD+ finance and its governance have not been fully explored. This paper reviews the relevant literature to understand the challenges for REDD+ finance and its governance in two areas—(1) REDD+ finance aligned with the UNFCCC and (2) REDD+-related finance outside the UNFCCC—which have developed differently and have different implications. This paper first identifies the six key elements of REDD+ finance and its governance across the two fields, and then reviews the related challenges and lessons learned with respect to public and private finance. The challenges for REDD+ finance and its governance aligned with the UNFCCC include enhancing the performance of REDD+ finance using mainly public finance, such as results-based finance and the jurisdictional approach. In contrast, the challenges regarding REDD+-related finance outside the UNFCCC include enhancing the engagement of the private sector in REDD+ finance, mainly targeting the project level, and the relationship between voluntary carbon markets and other investment and finance mechanisms. This paper also identifies the common challenges across REDD+ finance and its governance in the two fields. These challenges include the need to enhance linkages between REDD+ and other objectives, such as carbon neutrality/net-zero, deforestation-free supply chains, and nature-based solutions, as well as the need to develop learning systems for REDD+ finance.
    Keyword Climate change mitigation
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2023
    Copyright type Creative commons
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    Created: Tue, 19 Dec 2023, 13:46:21 JST by Hanna Takemoto on behalf of UNU IAS