Wastewater and sludge reuse: selected case studies across the globe

Kokkinos, Petros, Comia Jr., Jose R, Caucci, Serena, Hettiarachchi, Hiroshan, Florencio C Ballesteros, Oron, Gideon, Salgot, Miquel and Kalavrouziotis, Ioannis K, (2022). Wastewater and sludge reuse: selected case studies across the globe. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, 250 65-79

Document type:

  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Kokkinos, Petros
    Comia Jr., Jose R
    Caucci, Serena
    Hettiarachchi, Hiroshan
    Florencio C Ballesteros
    Oron, Gideon
    Salgot, Miquel
    Kalavrouziotis, Ioannis K
    Title Wastewater and sludge reuse: selected case studies across the globe
    Volume 250
    Publication Date 2022
    Place of Publication online
    Publisher Desalination Publications
    Start page 65
    End page 79
    Language eng
    Abstract The recovery and reuse of resources are key points towards a sustainable development. Due to an ever-growing water demand, wastewater is gaining momentum as a reliable alternative water source. In the same context, sewage sludge is now recognized as a valuable resource, and not as a waste, and its valorization for nutrients and/or recovery of energy is making progress. This review focuses on the descriptive analysis of the status of wastewater and sewage sludge reuse in selected countries worldwide (Greece, Israel, Perú, Philippines and Spain), representing four continents. Generated wastewater and sludge, treatment strategies, wastewater reuse standards applied in each of the studied countries, economic aspects, public acceptance and constraints issues are presented, along with a case study of nanotechnology application for water improvement and wastewater reuse in Israel. A potential for further increase of the reuse of both sewage and sludge has been identified for all countries. Similarly, sludge reuse must be significantly enhanced for energy production and agricultural applications. In the Philippines, reuse is successfully practiced especially with domestic and food producing and distillery-based wastewater. In Spain, there is still great potential to increase the reuse areas for reclaimed wastewater application, while an important part of the sludge is already used in agriculture. In Israel, nanotechnology treatment approaches have been proved important in arid regions with minimal amounts of precipitation. The main goal of this review manuscript is to provide updated information regarding wastewater and sludge reuse for the worldwide benefits.
    Keyword Wastewater
    Reverse osmosis
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2022
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 1944-3994
    DOI https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2022.28183
  • Versions
    Version Filter Type
  • Citation counts
    Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
    Access Statistics: 113 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
    Created: Sat, 30 Sep 2023, 04:47:52 JST by Věra Greschner Farkavcová on behalf of UNU FLORES