Vulnerability reduction in post-conflict areas through a Nexus approach to sustainable food production systems: a case study in Colombia 

Guzman-Molina, Jairo, Caucci, Serena, Amer A., Abdulhakeem and Schellens, Marie, (2022). Vulnerability reduction in post-conflict areas through a Nexus approach to sustainable food production systems: a case study in Colombia . Research Square, 1-23

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Guzman-Molina, Jairo
    Caucci, Serena
    Amer A., Abdulhakeem
    Schellens, Marie
    Title Vulnerability reduction in post-conflict areas through a Nexus approach to sustainable food production systems: a case study in Colombia 
    Appearing in Research Square
    Publication Date 2022-10-26
    Place of Publication online
    Publisher Durham
    Start page 1
    End page 23
    Language eng
    Abstract To increase the resilience of agroecosystems, and allow for sustainable economic reactivation, it is vital that theintroduction of sustainable measures - particularly in agriculture – is advanced via an integrated managementapproach such as the Resource Nexus. An essential aspect of this approach is to optimise the eciency ofecosystems and resources in conjunction with environmentally friendly economic growth. Colombia hasexperienced the impact of armed conict over many years, while geographic regions have been shaped byenvironmental conicts; resulting in vulnerable areas suffering from land and population inequalities that alsotranslate into wicked planning for resilient food systems. This paper addresses a double challenge: theimprovement of natural resources management and reducing the population's vulnerability in line with theprinciples of inclusion and gender equity. The paper developed a methodology to identify those productiveregions that require improved management at the landscape level, which could benet under the mainframework of the water-energy-food Nexus. It also provides evidence of the value of the science-policy interfaceto ensure increased social equity, economic growth, and the conservation of resources. A geographicinformation system approach has been utilised to spatially evaluate the effects of land-use change, ecosystemservices provision, and the impacts of climate change at the municipality scale of productive agriculturalregions. The objectives of this research were to: (i) evaluate the impact of climate change and anthropogenicactivities on natural resources, (ii) assess productive landscape fragmentation due to the overuse of resources,and (iii) consider ecosystem services planning as an operational methodology for municipality ecosystem-based management. The study results show a decrease in the natural Andean Forest, coupled with an increasein agricultural elds over the past 35 years, and a decrease in freshwater availability in the last decade. Theexpansion trend of the agricultural frontier into the protected areas is also highlighted.
    UNBIS Thesaurus CLIMATE CHANGE
    Keyword ecosystem service
    post-conflict
    productive landscape management
    NEXUS
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2022
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISSN 2693-5015
    DOI https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-2183999/v1
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    Created: Sat, 30 Sep 2023, 04:25:34 JST by Věra Greschner Farkavcová on behalf of UNU FLORES