Community-based responses for tackling environmental and socio-economic change and impacts in mountain social–ecological systems

Gupta, Himangana, Nishi, Maiko and Gasparatos, Alexandros, (2021). Community-based responses for tackling environmental and socio-economic change and impacts in mountain social–ecological systems. Ambio, 51 1123-1142

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Gupta, Himangana
    Nishi, Maiko
    Gasparatos, Alexandros
    Title Community-based responses for tackling environmental and socio-economic change and impacts in mountain social–ecological systems
    Appearing in Ambio
    Volume 51
    Publication Date 2021-11-16
    Place of Publication Stockholm
    Publisher Springer Nature
    Start page 1123
    End page 1142
    Language eng
    Abstract Mountain social–ecological systems (SES) are often rich in biological and cultural diversity with sustained human–nature interactions. Many mountain SES are experiencing rapid environmental and socio-economic change, demanding viable action for conservation to sustain ecosystem services for the benefit of their communities. This paper is a synthesis of 71 case studies of mountain-specific SES, submitted to the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI) that identifies major drivers of change, associated impacts, and response strategies. We find that overexploitation, land use change, demographic change, and the regional economy are the most prevalent drivers of change in the IPSI mountain SES, leading to negative consequences for biodiversity, livelihoods, indigenous knowledge, and culture. To counter these challenges in the study SES, stakeholders from the public, private, and civil society sectors have been implementing diverse legal, behavioral, cognitive, technological, and economic response strategies, often with strong community participation. We outline the lessons learned from the IPSI case studies to show how community-based approaches can contribute meaningfully to the sustainable management of mountain landscapes.
    Keyword Biodiversity conservation
    Community Engagement
    Socioecological systems
    Sustainability
    Traditional and local knowledge
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01651-6
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    Created: Thu, 27 Oct 2022, 17:58:15 JST by Hanna Takemoto on behalf of UNU IAS