Water Use, Sanitation, and Health Conditions in Villages On/Around the Lake

Watanabe, Toru, In, Sokneang, Pu, Jian, Phuong, Hengsim, Hor, Sivmey, Sroy, Sengly and Nishiyama, Masateru, "Water Use, Sanitation, and Health Conditions in Villages On/Around the Lake" in Water and Life in Tonle Sap Lake ed. Yoshimura, Chihiro, Khanal, Rajendra and Sovannara, Uk (Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2022), 419-425.

Document type:
Book Chapter

  • Author Watanabe, Toru
    In, Sokneang
    Pu, Jian
    Phuong, Hengsim
    Hor, Sivmey
    Sroy, Sengly
    Nishiyama, Masateru
    Book Editor Yoshimura, Chihiro
    Khanal, Rajendra
    Sovannara, Uk
    Chapter Title Water Use, Sanitation, and Health Conditions in Villages On/Around the Lake
    Book Title Water and Life in Tonle Sap Lake
    Publication Date 2022-06-25
    Place of Publication Singapore
    Publisher Springer Singapore
    Start page 419
    End page 425
    Language eng
    Abstract Approximately one million people living on/around Tonle Sap Lake not only use the lake water for dish washing, drinking, cooking, and bathing but also throw solid and liquid waste into the lake. We conducted field investigations with face-to-face interviews to describe the current situation of water use, hygiene and sanitation, and waterborne diseases, comparing three types of villages, land-based (LB), water–land-based (WLB), and water-based (WB) villages, characterized by their lifestyle. Our investigation found the lake water is still widely used for drinking by people in WLB (49.2%) and WB (52.9%) villages, although most of them treat the water. This fact, together with the low availability of toilets (28.8% and 58.2% in WLB and WB villages, respectively), indicates the considerable risk of waterborne infectious diseases in these villages. Following this trend, normal and severe diarrhea, which are typical waterborne diseases, were reported to occur more frequently in WLB and WB villages than in LB villages.
    Keyword Tonle Sap Lake
    Waterborne diseases
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2022
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9789811666315
    DOI 10.1007/978-981-16-6632-2_40
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    Created: Mon, 08 Aug 2022, 12:07:53 JST by Anne Lecroq on behalf of UNU IAS