Religiousness and Quality of Life Among Older Adults of Different Ethnic Groups in Malaysia: A Five-Year Follow-up Study

Tan, Min M., Reidpath, Daniel D., Ting, Rachel S., Allotey, Pascale and Su, Tin T., (2021). Religiousness and Quality of Life Among Older Adults of Different Ethnic Groups in Malaysia: A Five-Year Follow-up Study. Journal of Religion and Health, 1-16

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Tan, Min M.
    Reidpath, Daniel D.
    Ting, Rachel S.
    Allotey, Pascale
    Su, Tin T.
    Title Religiousness and Quality of Life Among Older Adults of Different Ethnic Groups in Malaysia: A Five-Year Follow-up Study
    Appearing in Journal of Religion and Health
    Publication Date 2021-07-29
    Place of Publication Cham
    Publisher Springer Link
    Start page 1
    End page 16
    Language eng
    Abstract Research has shown that religion is associated with a better quality of life (QoL). This study aims to examine ethnic differences in the association between religion and the QoL of older adults in a predominantly Muslim population within a multi- cultural setting. Two-wave data of 3,810 participants consisting of mostly Muslims and older adults aged ≥ 55 years were collected as part of the community health sur- veys conducted in 2013 and 2018 in the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO). Both cross-sectional analyses of baseline data and prospective analyses of longitudinal data were conducted. The associations between religiosity and qual- ity of life were mainly positive in the cross-sectional analysis. In the two-wave anal- ysis, religious importance was negatively associated with QoL among the Malays (B=−1.103, SE B=0.029, p<.001) and the Chinese (B=−0.160, SE B=0.043, p<.001), and a belief in a higher power control was associated with better QoL among the Malays (B=0.051, SE B=0.022, p<.005) and poorer QoL domains among the Indians (physical health: B=−5.412, SE B=1.382, p<.001; psycho- logical: B=−3.325, SE B=1.42, p<.001; social relationship: B=−5.548, SE B=1.616, p<.001; environment: B=−2.586, SE B=1.288; p<.05). Our study’s mixed results suggest that religiosity is positively associated with quality of life in cross-sectional analyses. However, in longitudinal analyses, the results are different. Conclusions with regard to causality based on cross-sectional analyses may be mis- leading. Health promotion programs should continue to examine the effect of reli- giousness on health outcomes over time among aging populations across different ethnic groups.
    UNBIS Thesaurus ADULTS
    ETHNIC AND RACIAL GROUPS
    MALAYSIA
    QUALITY OF LIFE
    Keyword Religiousness
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.1007/s10943-021-01371-x
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    Created: Sat, 01 Jan 2022, 16:35:33 JST by Radhika Das on behalf of UNU IIGH