Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño Event in Paraguay

Benjamin Grassi (2000). Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño Event in Paraguay. Reducing the Impact of Environmental Emergencies through Early Warning and Preparedness in the Case of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). United Nations University.

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  • Sub-type Technical report
    Author Benjamin Grassi
    Title Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño Event in Paraguay
    Series Title Reducing the Impact of Environmental Emergencies through Early Warning and Preparedness in the Case of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
    Publication Date 2000
    Place of Publication Paraguay
    Publisher United Nations University
    Pages LXIII, 63
    Language eng
    Abstract The Republic of Paraguay is located in South America in the La Plata River Basin.). The countries are Brazil, Bolivia, and Argentina. Paraguay can be divided into two.) regions, one from the Paraguay River to the east, encompassing 150,000 square miles of scalloped terrain and humid climate where almost 98% of the population of Paraguay is settled. The second region, covering 256,000 square miles is located to the west of the Paraguay River. It is called the Paraguayan Chaco and is composed of flat, dry terrain. It is Paraguay River climate of Paraguay can be characterized by a warm spring and summer, temperate autumns, and cold, dry winters. Due to its being a Mediterranean country, its climate is typically continental. The annual mean temperature across the country varies from 21°C in typically continental tip to 25°C in the northern Chaco near the Brazilian border. Generally, the climate becomes warmer as one moves toward the northwest. June, July, and August (the Southern Hemisphere winter) are the coldest months of the year; temperatures can be around 16°C with occasional frosts, which are more frequent in the southeast. December, January, and February (Southern Hemisphere summer) are the warmest months, with monthly mean temperatures rising to 28°C in the north. During these months, heat waves are frequent with many rainless days, but with high temperatures and humidity. Occasionally, temperatures over 40°C can be reached. Rainfall has very irregular spatial and temporal distribution. The highest rainfall values are located in the southeast, with annual precipitation means ranging between 1,500 mm and1,800 mm. The lowest precipitation amounts are registered in the western zone (in the Chaco), where annual means range between 400 mm and 700 mm. Paraguay is a very rich country in available surface water. Rainfall in the central part of the country and in the east is able to maintain a dense network of rivers that flow all year. However, in the Chaco, and especially infits western tip, rivers and other water supplies are scarce. The government of Paraguay is designed as a unitary representative and democratic Republic regulated by a national constitution proclaimed on 20 June 1992. It is composed of three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive power is exercised bay President of the Republic, who is elected by popular vote for a five-year period. The legislative power rests with the National Congress, which is composed of two Houses, one for Senators (45members) and the other for Deputies (80 members). Members of both legislative Houses are elected for a five-year period. Judicial power is in the Supreme Court (9 members). The economy of Paraguay is predominantly dependent on agriculture, which generates more than25% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), while industry accounts for about 20%, and services almost 50%.
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    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2000
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Wed, 10 Nov 2021, 21:29:51 JST