Steroid hormones assay on estrogen and progesterone group occurences fate and pathway distributions in river and coastal environment

Payus, Carolyn, Payus, Alvin Oliver and Yan, Moh Pak, (2021). Steroid hormones assay on estrogen and progesterone group occurences fate and pathway distributions in river and coastal environment. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 16(3), 103-115

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Payus, Carolyn
    Payus, Alvin Oliver
    Yan, Moh Pak
    Title Steroid hormones assay on estrogen and progesterone group occurences fate and pathway distributions in river and coastal environment
    Appearing in Journal of Sustainability Science and Management   Check publisher's open access policy
    Volume 16
    Issue No. 3
    Publication Date 2021-04
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
    Start page 103
    End page 115
    Language eng
    Abstract Birth control pills are one of the synthetic steroid hormones used as pharmaceutical drugs that are believed to cause higher transgender cases in the environment today, thus causing more cancer risk, such as vaginal and breast cancer, to human populations. This research aims to detect the occurrence and quantify the concentration of three types of steroid hormones (progesterone, 17∝-ethynylestradiol and estrone) in the riverine and coastal environment. A method called dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with solidification of floating organic drop followed by HPLC was used for hormone determination. Water samples were obtained through grab sampling along coastal and river courses. The results show a trend of hormone concentration, where progesterone had the highest occurrence, with total average of 0.11679 ± 0.08796 ng/mL, followed by 17∝ ethynylestradiol at 0.53329 ± 0.30904 ng/mL, while estrone showed the least frequency of concentration with total average of 0.02406 ± 0.00481 ng/mL.
    Keyword Steroid hormone
    Estrogen
    Progesterone
    Estrone
    17∝-ethynylestradiol
    River
    Coastal
    Copyright Holder Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 2672-7226
    DOI http://doi.org/10.46754/jssm.2021.04.009
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    Created: Tue, 21 Sep 2021, 12:17:25 JST by Miwa Higashimuki on behalf of UNU IAS