Vigilante Groups & Militias in Southern Nigeria

Vanda Felbab-Brown (2021). Vigilante Groups & Militias in Southern Nigeria. United Nations University.

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  • Subtitle The Greatest Trick the Devil Played was Convincing Nigerians he Could Protect Them
    Sub-type Research report
    Author Vanda Felbab-Brown
    Title Vigilante Groups & Militias in Southern Nigeria
    Publication Date 2021-09-03
    Place of Publication New York
    Publisher United Nations University
    Pages 69
    Language eng
    Abstract This report analyses the landscape of anti-crime militias and vigilante forces in Nigeria’s south over the past 20 years. It focuses on two vigilante groups, tracing their evolution and the anti-crime, security, and political impacts, before providing policy recommendations. The report explains the context of vigilante and anti-crime militia group formation in Nigeria, including the struggles, challenges, and deficiencies of the Nigeria Federal Police. It discusses the evolution of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), its own role in criminality, and the anti-SARS protests. It also provides a historic background of vigilantism in Nigeria and lays out the various sources from which vigilantism in Nigeria stems. It goes on to review the landscape of militia groups in southern Nigeria and outlines their different types, including in terms of formalization and official recognition. It then details the formation, effectiveness, evolution, and anticrime, security, and policy effects of the Bakassi Boys in Nigeria’s South East. It also analyzes 20 years of federal and state policy responses toward them. The following section provides the same analysis for the Oodua People’s Congress (OPC) in the South West.
    UNBIS Thesaurus NIGERIANS
    ARMED CONFLICTS
    PARAMILITARY FORCES
    POLICE
    HUMAN RIGHTS
    NIGERIA
    Keyword Vigilante groups
    Militias
    Armed groups
    Nigeria
    Bakassi Boys
    Oodua People’s Congress
    Special Anti-Robbery Squad
    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISBN 9789280865317
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    Created: Fri, 03 Sep 2021, 01:22:26 JST by Dursi, Anthony on behalf of UNU Centre