An Extended Input–Output Model to Analyze Links Between Manufacturing and Water Pollution in Nepal

Chapagain, Saroj, Mohan, Geetha and Fukushi, Kensuke, (2020). An Extended Input–Output Model to Analyze Links Between Manufacturing and Water Pollution in Nepal. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 231(570), 1-11

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Chapagain, Saroj
    Mohan, Geetha
    Fukushi, Kensuke
    Title An Extended Input–Output Model to Analyze Links Between Manufacturing and Water Pollution in Nepal
    Appearing in Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    Volume 231
    Issue No. 570
    Publication Date 2020-12-02
    Place of Publication Switzerland
    Publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG
    Start page 1
    End page 11
    Language eng
    Abstract Nepal’s efforts to reduce manufacturing related water pollution have faltered because they rely on traditional methods and regulation. We employed an environmentally extended input–output model to establish direct and indirect relations between water pollution and production in 19 Nepalese manufacturing sectors. We identify which are chief emitters of biochemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids. We categorize three sectors as pollution abatement industries (heavy polluters that portend relatively low clean-up costs) and three as pollution prevention industries (polluters responsible for accelerating pollution by inducing the release of pollutants from other linked sectors). We then draw upon statistical analysis to recommend appropriate pollution-reducing incentives or penalties for both categories. We find that incentives to meet discharge standards are effective for pollution abatement industries and that penalties (e.g., polluter pay) are effective in pollution prevention industries because they underpin Nepal’s economy. If these policies do not succeed as desired, emission control policies are warranted.
    Keyword Biochemical oxygen demand
    Environmentally extended input–output modeling
    Manufacturing
    Pollution abatement industries
    Pollution prevention industries
    Water pollution
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-020-04940-0
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    Created: Mon, 07 Jun 2021, 10:39:29 JST by Rachel Nunn on behalf of UNU IAS