Independent Review and Investigation Mechanisms to Prevent Future Pandemics: A Proposed Way Forward (Policy Brief)

Lehtimaki, Susanna, Nishtar, Kassim, Reidy, Aisling, Darehshori, Sara, Painter, Andrew and Schwalbe, Nina (2021). Independent Review and Investigation Mechanisms to Prevent Future Pandemics: A Proposed Way Forward (Policy Brief). United Nations University International Institute for Global Health.

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  • Sub-type Policy brief
    Author Lehtimaki, Susanna
    Nishtar, Kassim
    Reidy, Aisling
    Darehshori, Sara
    Painter, Andrew
    Schwalbe, Nina
    Title Independent Review and Investigation Mechanisms to Prevent Future Pandemics: A Proposed Way Forward (Policy Brief)
    Publication Date 2021-05-12
    Place of Publication Kuala Lumpur
    Publisher United Nations University International Institute for Global Health
    Pages 3
    Language eng
    Abstract Based on the proposal by the European Council, more than 25 heads of state and the World Health Organization (WHO) support development of an international treaty on pandemics, that planned to be negotiated under the auspices of WHO, will be presented to the World Health Assembly in May 2021. Given that the treaty alone is not enough to ensure compliance, triggers for a high-level political response is required. To this end, to inform the design of a support system, we explored institutional mechanismsi with a mandate to review compliance with key international agreements in their signatory countries and conduct independent country investigations in a manner that manages sovereign considerations. Based on our review, there is no single global mechanism that could serve as a model in its own right. There is, however, potential to combine aspects of existing mechanisms to support a strong, enforceable treaty. These aspects include: • Periodic review - based on the model of human rights treaties, with independent experts as the authorized monitoring body to ensure the independence. If made obligatory, the review could support compliance with the treaty. • On-site investigations - based on the model by the Committee on Prevention of Torture according to which visits cannot be blocked by state parties. • Non-negotiable design principles - including accountability; independence; transparency and data sharing; speed; emphasis on capabilities; and incentives. • Technical support - WHO can provide countries with technical assistance, tools, monitoring, and assessment to enhance emergency preparedness and response.
    UNBIS Thesaurus DISEASE PREVENTION
    DISASTER PREVENTION
    DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROL
    Keyword COVID-19
    Pandemic
    Future risk
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.37941/PB-F/2021/2
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    Created: Sun, 16 May 2021, 01:31:06 JST by Basilio Valdehuesa on behalf of UNU IIGH