Farmers’ decisions to adapt to flash floods and landslides in the Northern Mountainous Regions of Vietnam

Pham, Nga T.T., Nong, Duy and Garschagen, Matthias, (2019). Farmers’ decisions to adapt to flash floods and landslides in the Northern Mountainous Regions of Vietnam. Journal of Environmental Management, 252(109672), 1-13

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Pham, Nga T.T.
    Nong, Duy
    Garschagen, Matthias
    Title Farmers’ decisions to adapt to flash floods and landslides in the Northern Mountainous Regions of Vietnam
    Appearing in Journal of Environmental Management
    Volume 252
    Issue No. 109672
    Publication Date 2019-10-16
    Place of Publication Amsterdam
    Publisher Elsevier B.V.
    Start page 1
    End page 13
    Language eng
    Abstract Understanding household’s decision making in agricultural production to natural hazards is significant for policymakers and extension organizations in supporting farmers to optimize adaptive strategies, there are, however, still limited empirical researches that emphasize the determinants affecting the choice of measures in the process of adaptation. This paper explores the decision-making process of rural households in adapting to flash floods and landslides (FF&LS) by conducting a household survey on 405 purposively selected households in Yen Bai province, one of the poorest mountainous regions in Vietnam. Based on the multi-portfolio framework, the study assumes that farmers have multiple choice of adaptation strategies simultaneously and these adaptation measures are correlative. Multivariate Probit models were used to figure out the household decision making process in adapting to FF&LS. Survey results showed that changing cropping patterns, crop variegation, diversifying types of crop varieties, as well as managing and implementing crop protection (soil and plant) are the primary adaptation measures applied by local farmers. Furthermore, lack of money, inadequate support from local government, shortage of machinery and technical equipment, as well as insufficient knowledge about FF&LS were listed as major constraints in the study area. The MVP analysis indicated that all farmers’ perception, socio-economic, farming features, and institutional conditions strongly influence the farmers’ adaptation decisions regarding FF&LS. Future policies may therefore need to consider these major contributing factors with appropriate interventions to facilitate suitable adaptations for local farmers.
    Keyword Adaptation
    Flash floods and landslides
    Household vulnerability index
    Yen Bai province
    Viet Nam
    Livelihood strategy
    Multivariate probit model
    Copyright Holder Elsevier B.V.
    Copyright Year 2019
    Copyright type Fair use permitted
    DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109672
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    Created: Wed, 27 Jan 2021, 01:13:58 JST by Austin Gonzales on behalf of UNU EHS