Paving Pathways to Peace Talks with Sanctions and Exemptions?

Brubaker, Rebecca (2020). Paving Pathways to Peace Talks with Sanctions and Exemptions?. Sanctions and Mediation Policy Memo Series. United Nations University.

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    Author Brubaker, Rebecca
    Title Paving Pathways to Peace Talks with Sanctions and Exemptions?
    Series Title Sanctions and Mediation Policy Memo Series
    Volume/Issue No. 1
    Publication Date 2020-12-02
    Place of Publication New York
    Publisher United Nations University
    Pages 39
    Language eng
    Abstract The majority of UN sanctions regimes are designed in support of a peace process or to protect an existing agreement. Most of these peace processes involve talks that take place outside the country or region in conflict. Often, however, key stakeholders in the conflict – whose participation in the talks is necessary for a credible and even a durable outcome – are under UN travel bans and asset freezes. These targeted measures are among the most frequently applied of all UN sanctions. Thus, it is often assumed that mediators face a dilemma: exclude listed individuals from talks held abroad or include them and risk violating the existing travel ban and adjoining asset freeze. Or do they? In all but one of the existing UN sanctions regimes, there are little known and rarely used exemptions that would allow sanctioned individuals to participate in peace talks. The language varies in specificity and scope and the process for applying differs between regimes (and even within regimes). But the overall message is clear: mediators possess a formal option for requesting an exception to a sanctions measure in order to enable the successful convening of parties for peace talks. This memo outlines the existing constellation of exemptions related to peace talks, examine how they are meant to work, share insights on how they actually work, discuss implications for policy practitioners, and propose actions aimed at improving these exemptions’ attractiveness to mediators.
    Keyword Security Council
    Sanctions (international law)
    Peace talks
    Peace agreements
    Peace and Security
    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISBN 9789280865196
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    Created: Wed, 02 Dec 2020, 06:14:05 JST by Dursi, Anthony on behalf of UNU Centre