Impacts of climate change on oil palm production in Malaysia

Sarkar, Md. Sujahangir Kabir, Begum, Rawshan Ara and Pereira, Joy Jacqueline, (2020). Impacts of climate change on oil palm production in Malaysia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27 9760-9770

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Sarkar, Md. Sujahangir Kabir
    Begum, Rawshan Ara
    Pereira, Joy Jacqueline
    Title Impacts of climate change on oil palm production in Malaysia
    Appearing in Environmental Science and Pollution Research
    Volume 27
    Publication Date 2020-01-10
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG
    Start page 9760
    End page 9770
    Language eng
    Abstract Studies reveal that climate change (CC) has higher negative impacts on agricultural production than positive impacts. Therefore, this article attempts to explore the impacts of CC on oil palm production in Malaysia and provides mitigation and adaptation strategies towards reducing such impacts. The multiple regression analysis is applied to assess the impacts of CC on oil palm production by using time series data in the period of 1980 to 2010. A negative and significant relationship is found between annual average temperature and oil palm production. If temperature rises by 1 °C, 2 °C, 3 °C, and 4 °C, production of oil palm can decrease from a range of 10 to 41%. This article has also found a negative impact of sea level rise (SLR) on oil palm production. Findings reveal that if areas under oil palm production decrease by 2%, 4%, and 8% due to SLR of 0.5, 1, and 2 m, oil palm production can decrease by 1.98%, 3.96%, and 7.92%, respectively, indicating that CC has a significant impact on the reduction of oil palm production in Malaysia, ultimately affecting the sustainability of oil palm sector in Malaysia. Finally, this study suggests to practice appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies, including promotion and development of climate resilient varieties, soil and water conservation, afforestation, insurance and other risk transfer mechanisms, emission reduction technology, protection of coastal flooding for reducing the impacts of CC on oil palm production.
    Keyword Climate change
    Oil palm production
    Impact analysis
    Mitigation
    Adaptation
    Malaysia
    Copyright Holder 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 16147499
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07601-1
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    Created: Thu, 08 Oct 2020, 12:04:48 JST by Rachel Nunn on behalf of UNU IAS