The impact of urbanization on Austria's carbon footprint

Muñoz, Pablo, Zwick, Sabrina and Mirzabaev, Alisher, (2020). The impact of urbanization on Austria's carbon footprint. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263(121326), n/a-n/a

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Muñoz, Pablo
    Zwick, Sabrina
    Mirzabaev, Alisher
    Title The impact of urbanization on Austria's carbon footprint
    Appearing in Journal of Cleaner Production
    Volume 263
    Issue No. 121326
    Publication Date 2020-08-01
    Place of Publication Amsterdam
    Publisher Elsevier Ltd.
    Start page n/a
    End page n/a
    Language eng
    Abstract Urbanization is one of the factors contributing globally to greenhouse gas emissions. Its impact however is not homogeneous across countries. Some studies show that urban populations have a higher carbon footprint due to higher consumption levels, whereas other research suggests that higher population density decreases energy demands and the associated emissions. Due to the importance of collecting in-depth evidence for countries and regions on a case-by-case basis, this article investigates the impact of urbanization on carbon dioxide emissions for Austria as supporting empirical evidence for a high-income economy. The study particularly unpacks profiles of carbon footprints for more than 8000 households located according to three different levels of urbanization: urban, semi-urban and rural. Findings reveal that urban residents in Austria have the lowest Carbon Footprint (CF) of the three groups; this is followed by rural and then semi-urban residents. Overall, the study highlights that urbanization in Austria may represent a relative reduction of emissions in the future due to more compact cities, which should be considered along with other drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve national and European climate targets.
    Keyword Carbon footprint
    Emission inequality
    Copyright Holder Elsevier Ltd.
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 09596526
    DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121326
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    Created: Tue, 12 May 2020, 00:37:19 JST by Aarti Basnyat on behalf of UNU EHS