Water supply and sanitation services in small towns in rural–urban transition zones: The case of Bushenyi-Ishaka Municipality, Uganda

Marks, Sara J., Clair-Caliot, Guillaume, Taing, Lina, Tayebwa Bamwenda, James, Kanyesigye, Christopher, Ernest Rwendeire, Namanya, Kemerink- Seyoum, Jeltsje S., Kansiime, Frank, Waiswa Batega, Dauda and Ferrero, Giuliana, (2020). Water supply and sanitation services in small towns in rural–urban transition zones: The case of Bushenyi-Ishaka Municipality, Uganda. npj Clean Water, 3(21), n/a-n/a

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Marks, Sara J.
    Clair-Caliot, Guillaume
    Taing, Lina
    Tayebwa Bamwenda, James
    Kanyesigye, Christopher
    Ernest Rwendeire, Namanya
    Kemerink- Seyoum, Jeltsje S.
    Kansiime, Frank
    Waiswa Batega, Dauda
    Ferrero, Giuliana
    Title Water supply and sanitation services in small towns in rural–urban transition zones: The case of Bushenyi-Ishaka Municipality, Uganda
    Appearing in npj Clean Water
    Volume 3
    Issue No. 21
    Publication Date 2020-04-27
    Place of Publication Berlin
    Publisher Springer Nature
    Start page n/a
    End page n/a
    Language eng
    Abstract Small towns lag behind cities in drinking water and sanitation access globally. Closing this gap requires developing service models for areas with both urban and rural characteristics. This study assessed Bushenyi-Ishaka, a municipality in Uganda situated at the rural–urban transition, with a focus on service ladder indictors. Data sources included household interviews (n = 500) and water quality samples from sources and storage containers. Households in more urban (as compared to rural) cells were more likely to use improved water sources (including piped water on-premises), make regular payments for water, rely on shared sanitation facilities, and make use of manual sludge emptying services. Most households (72%) used an unlined pit latrine not intended for emptying and reuse. These findings suggest that small town servicing models should prioritize non-sewered sanitation management, including incentives for safe excreta containment and disposal opportunities. This study also highlights a need for integrated services models to expand rural–urban water and sanitation coverage.
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISSN 20597037
    DOI 10.1038/s41545-020-0068-4
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    Created: Thu, 07 May 2020, 13:46:38 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH