Analysis of national and local governance systems to achieve the sustainable development goals: case studies of Japan and Indonesia

Morita, Kanako, Okitasari, Mahesti and Masuda, Hiromi, (2019). Analysis of national and local governance systems to achieve the sustainable development goals: case studies of Japan and Indonesia. Sustainability Science, 15 179-202

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Morita, Kanako
    Okitasari, Mahesti
    Masuda, Hiromi
    Title Analysis of national and local governance systems to achieve the sustainable development goals: case studies of Japan and Indonesia
    Appearing in Sustainability Science
    Volume 15
    Publication Date 2019-10-16
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Springer
    Start page 179
    End page 202
    Language eng
    Abstract To achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs), all countries’ efforts are essential, and each country needs to recognize their level of achievement in terms of the SDGs, identify the goals and targets that require more effort, and build more effective and well-performed governance systems to accelerate their efforts toward achieving the SDGs. This study identifies different governance system structures for achieving the SDGs and the challenges they face in improving their performance using a new matrix tool to evaluate governance systems for the SDGs. We use Japan and Indonesia as case studies to provide perspectives from countries at different levels of economic development. The results show that the governance systems for the SDGs are structurally and functionally different in the two countries, which face different challenges. Japan has relatively well-structured “vision and objective setting”, “research and assessment”, and “strategy development”, but faces challenges in relation to “implementation” and “monitoring, evaluation, and review”, while Indonesia has relatively well-structured “research and assessment”, “strategy development”, and “monitoring, evaluation, and review.” However, Indonesia faces challenges in relation to “vision and objective setting” and “implementation.” We found that the differences in the governance systems for the SDGs have arisen in relation to three key elements: differences in the development of governance systems for the SDGs, differences in the lead ministries, and the existence or otherwise of a supportive legal framework. We argue that the proposed matrix tool is useful in identifying the structure of governance systems for the SDGs and the challenges that must be overcome to improve the performance of these systems. However, some analytical limitations must be overcome before the tool can be applied to other countries.
    UNBIS Thesaurus GOVERNANCE
    JAPAN
    INDONESIA
    Keyword Sustainable Development Goals
    National
    Local
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2019
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISSN 18624057
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-019-00739-z
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    Created: Mon, 09 Mar 2020, 14:40:12 JST by Rachel Nunn on behalf of UNU IAS