Place-Based Solutions for Conservation and Restoration of Social-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes in Asia

Kozar, Raffaela, Galang, Elson, Sedhain, Jyoti, Alip, Alvie, Subramanian, Suneetha M. and Saito, Osamu, "Place-Based Solutions for Conservation and Restoration of Social-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes in Asia" in Managing Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes for Sustainable Communities in Asia ed. Saito, Osamu, Subramanian, Suneetha M., Hashimoto, Shizuka and Takeuchi, Kazuhiko (Singapore: Springer Nature, 2020), 117-146.

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  • Author Kozar, Raffaela
    Galang, Elson
    Sedhain, Jyoti
    Alip, Alvie
    Subramanian, Suneetha M.
    Saito, Osamu
    Book Editor Saito, Osamu
    Subramanian, Suneetha M.
    Hashimoto, Shizuka
    Takeuchi, Kazuhiko
    Chapter Title Place-Based Solutions for Conservation and Restoration of Social-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes in Asia
    Book Title Managing Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes for Sustainable Communities in Asia
    Publication Date 2020
    Place of Publication Singapore
    Publisher Springer Nature
    Start page 117
    End page 146
    Language eng
    Abstract The relevance of traditional land-use systems in Asia is under threat from externally influenced drivers such as the use of modern agricultural technologies, urbanization, rapid industrialization, overexploitation, and underutilization. The impacts of these changes in land use are contributing to a loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) in social-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS). Societal actors operating from multiple scales create and implement place-based solutions in SEPLS in response to landscape-specific challenges and opportunities for achieving biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. This study aims to identify and demonstrate the abundance of place-based solutions for solving challenges to sustainable use and management of natural resources in SEPLS, and to better inform the existing suite of conservation and restoration solutions. We review a set of 88 case studies from The International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI) in the South, East and Southeast Asian regions using a societal-based solution scanning approach to systematically identify these solutions for conservation and restoration at local scales and to categorize them by solution type. Societal actors demonstrate preferences for solution types to reversing the loss of BES in SEPLS while embracing a mix of all solution types across ecosystems. Institutional and governance solutions are the most common type across Asia. Technological solutions are preferred in East Asia, while knowledge and cognitive solutions are preferred in Southeast Asia. Economic and incentive-based solutions are found most often in South Asia as livelihood investments for local residents, and to balance trade-offs among food production and biodiversity conservation. Sharing the knowledge of various place-based solution types in different social-ecological contexts helps improve more purposeful and deliberate design of SEPLS for multiple benefits.
    UNBIS Thesaurus SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    Keyword Place-based
    Solution scanning
    Biodiversity conservation
    Socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISBN 9789811511325
    9789811511332
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1133-2_7
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    Created: Fri, 14 Feb 2020, 14:33:11 JST by Dunbar, William on behalf of UNU IAS