Shared benefit by Material Flow Cost Accounting in the food supply chain – The case of berry pomace as upcycled by-product of a black currant juice production

May, Nadine and Guenther, Edeltraud, (2019). Shared benefit by Material Flow Cost Accounting in the food supply chain – The case of berry pomace as upcycled by-product of a black currant juice production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 245 1-17

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author May, Nadine
    Guenther, Edeltraud
    Title Shared benefit by Material Flow Cost Accounting in the food supply chain – The case of berry pomace as upcycled by-product of a black currant juice production
    Appearing in Journal of Cleaner Production   Check publisher's open access policy
    Volume 245
    Publication Date 2019-10-29
    Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Publisher Elsevier Ltd
    Start page 1
    End page 17
    Language eng
    Abstract Berry fruits such as black currants are known to have health-promoting effects as they contain high amounts of phytochemicals (polyphenols, anthocyanins) and dietary fibers concentrated in the peel and seeds. So far, the berry pomace by-product obtained from the production of berry juice is mainly subject to incineration and less recognized by companies as an opportunity to create additional value. Material Flow Cost Accounting is a powerful tool when it comes to the identification of resource inefficiencies in production systems and can provide useful information as an ad-hoc analysis supporting investment decisions, such as the extension of the product portfolio. This study investigates the material efficiency potential of a black currant juice production in Germany while considering potentials for cost reduction,revenue generation, and carbon dioxide mitigation resulting from the avoidance and upcycling of foodwaste. We used Material Flow Cost Accounting in combination with carbon footprinting and probabilistic scenario analysis to examine the subject. The analysis showed that, in terms of the global warming potential, the environmental performance of the main product, black currant juice, benefits from the upcycling of the pomace to a marketable product. From the economic side, we could not demonstrate a reasonable amortization of the additional investment costs. However, the scenario and uncertainty analysis revealed promising optimization strategies which would lead to an increase in profit of about 13%:first, additional use of apple pomace and second, the production of high-quality, organic pomace to achieve a selling price of at least V2.00/kg as a functional food supplement or in pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications.
    Keyword Material flow cost accounting
    Carbon footprint
    Scenario analysis
    Black currant juice
    Berry pomace
    Waste upcycling
    Copyright Holder Elsevier Ltd
    Copyright Year 2019
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 0959-6526
    DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118946
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    Created: Thu, 30 Jan 2020, 22:39:16 JST by Eric Siegmund on behalf of UNU FLORES