International Migration, Remittance and Food Security during Food Crises: The Case Study of Nigeria

Temple, Chinedu Obi, Bartolini, Fabio and D'Haese, Marijke, (2019). International Migration, Remittance and Food Security during Food Crises: The Case Study of Nigeria. Food Security, 207-220

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Temple, Chinedu Obi
    Bartolini, Fabio
    D'Haese, Marijke
    Title International Migration, Remittance and Food Security during Food Crises: The Case Study of Nigeria
    Appearing in Food Security
    Publication Date 2019-11-30
    Place of Publication Cham
    Publisher Springer Nature B.V. and International Society for Plant Pathology
    Start page 207
    End page 220
    Language eng
    Abstract The paper argues for the need to integrate the linkages between migration, remittances and food crises in the migration-food security literature. Food crises that are exacerbated by erratic climatic changes, violence and other uncertainties are important drivers of international migration. Research on the impact of migration and remittances on food security has grown lately, but it is arguably not comprehensive in its approach. The role of remittances in improving household food security experience during food crises is a vital stream being neglected, and the impact of remittances on food security over a long-term is yet to be studied comprehensively. To fill this gap, we analysed the case study of Nigeria using a World Bank Living Standards dataset, and followed an instrumental variable approach. Our results showed that remittance is valuable in meeting both short and long-term food security, and it is a veritable instrument for meeting household food security during food crises. It is particularly crucial for female-headed households who are more vulnerable to food insecurity. Although it does not significantly improve dietary diversity, households receiving remittances are less likely to adopt unhealthy coping practices such as eating less nutritious food, and less likely to be worried about meeting household food requirements due to lack of money. We conclude that remittances do not only smoothen consumption; it also places households on higher food security equilibrium during food crises.
    Keyword Remittance
    Migration
    Food security
    Food crises
    Instrumental variable
    Copyright Holder Springer Nature B.V. and International Society for Plant Pathology
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-019-00990-3
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    Created: Fri, 13 Dec 2019, 00:14:02 JST by Masovic, Ajsela on behalf of UNU CRIS