Preferential Rules of Origin: Models and Levels of Rulemaking

Garay, Luis Jorge and De Lombaerde, Philippe (2005). Preferential Rules of Origin: Models and Levels of Rulemaking. UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Garay, Luis Jorge
    De Lombaerde, Philippe
    Title Preferential Rules of Origin: Models and Levels of Rulemaking
    Volume/Issue No. 6
    Publication Date 2005
    Place of Publication Bruges
    Publisher UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies
    Language eng
    Abstract

    It has been argued that the proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs) since the 1990s has been accompanied by the design and implementation of less transparent, more restrictive and often divergent rules of origin (ROs). These more complex preferential ROs have led to higher transactioncosts (OECD, 2003) and are perceived to have limited the use of formally offered trade preferences (European Commission, 2003a) and, therefore, the trade-expanding effect of preferential agreements (World Bank, 2005: 27, 57). It has been stressed that these preferential rules reflect specific sectoral interests of the regional hegemonic economic powers (Krishna, 2002) and that they have been used as neo-protectionist instruments (Vermulst, 1992; LaNasa, 1996; Schiff and Winters, 2003; Moïsé, 2003b).

    Copyright Holder UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies
    Copyright Year 2005
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Fri, 15 Feb 2019, 14:20:27 JST