Reducing the energy intensity of lift irrigation schemes of Northern Tajikistan – potential options

Karimov, Akmal, Smakhtin, Vladimir, Karimov, Aziz, Khodjiev, Khalim, Yakubov, Sadyk, Platonov, Alexander and Avliyakulov, Mirzaolim, (2017). Reducing the energy intensity of lift irrigation schemes of Northern Tajikistan – potential options. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 81(2), 2967-2975

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    Author Karimov, Akmal
    Smakhtin, Vladimir
    Karimov, Aziz
    Khodjiev, Khalim
    Yakubov, Sadyk
    Platonov, Alexander
    Avliyakulov, Mirzaolim
    Title Reducing the energy intensity of lift irrigation schemes of Northern Tajikistan – potential options
    Appearing in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    Volume 81
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2017-06-24
    Place of Publication New York
    Publisher Elsevier
    Start page 2967
    End page 2975
    Language eng
    Abstract Since the 1960 and 1970s, multi-stage pump stations have been widely used in northern Tajikistan in the Syrdarya River midstream to lift water for irrigation. However, the obsolete pump stations often fail to provide a stable water supply and require costly renovation. On the one hand, the high-energy intensity of the water supply negatively affects the sustainable operation of water authorities responsible for running the pump stations. On the other hand, payments for water delivery services are low and do not cover even electricity charges for operation of the pump stations. This results in an unreliable water supply that in turn causes low crop yields and economic losses to farming communities. Currently, the government of Tajikistan and donor agencies have acknowledged the severity of the problem and are looking for potential alternative strategies. Identifying and understanding the water and energy linkages and putting efforts into the resource efficiency improvements could bring win–win outcomes. In this context, this research examines potential alternatives of reducing the energy intensity of the lift irrigation schemes with the purpose of increasing crop production and farmers’ income in northern Tajikistan.
    Copyright Holder Elsevier
    Copyright Year 2017
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2017.06.107
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    Created: Wed, 27 Jun 2018, 01:50:20 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH