Sustainable deltas: livelihoods, ecosystem services, and policy implications

Renaud, Fabrice G., Szabo, Sylvia and Matthews, Zoe, (2016). Sustainable deltas: livelihoods, ecosystem services, and policy implications. Sustainability Science, 11(4), 519-523

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Renaud, Fabrice G.
    Szabo, Sylvia
    Matthews, Zoe
    Title Sustainable deltas: livelihoods, ecosystem services, and policy implications
    Appearing in Sustainability Science
    Volume 11
    Issue No. 4
    Publication Date 2016-06-09
    Place of Publication Tokyo
    Publisher Springer Japan
    Start page 519
    End page 523
    Language eng
    Abstract Coastal river deltas are dynamic and highly fertile landforms at the intersection of terrestrial and marine environments. They are often densely populated due to the opportunities for livelihood generation they offer, in particular, through agriculture and aquaculture production, but also for economic development and trade (Kuenzer and Renaud 2012). At the same time, and largely because they offer so many opportunities for development, many river deltas globally are threatened both by environmental and anthropogenic processes (Syvitski et al. 2009; Tessler et al. 2015; Szabo et al. 2015a). Deltas and their river basins are naturally dynamic systems, but human interventions in situ, such as urbanization, groundwater and hydrocarbon extraction, agricultural intensification, and channel regulation, and ex situ, including increased upstream water withdrawals, diversion and sediment trapping, increasingly combine with coastal hazards, such as sea level rise, salinity intrusion, and hurricanes to threaten delta social–ecological systems (e.g., Renaud et al. 2013). In combination, such processes exacerbate livelihood losses and existing inequalities, precipitate migration streams and often create new pockets of poverty, especially in urban centers within delta regions (Martin et al. 2013).
    Keyword Livelihood
    Copyright Holder Springer Japan
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 18624065
    DOI 10.1007/s11625-016-0380-6
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    Created: Tue, 21 Jun 2016, 22:18:17 JST