Understanding Impacts of Climate Variation in Varied Socio-Ecological Domains: A Pre-Requisite for Climate Change Adaptation and Management

Nagabhatla, Nidhi, Sahu, Sobhan, Gaetaniello, Armando, Wen, Lijuan and Lee, Wooseop, (2015). Understanding Impacts of Climate Variation in Varied Socio-Ecological Domains: A Pre-Requisite for Climate Change Adaptation and Management. Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation, 1-25

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Nagabhatla, Nidhi
    Sahu, Sobhan
    Gaetaniello, Armando
    Wen, Lijuan
    Lee, Wooseop
    Title Understanding Impacts of Climate Variation in Varied Socio-Ecological Domains: A Pre-Requisite for Climate Change Adaptation and Management
    Appearing in Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation
    Publication Date 2015
    Place of Publication New York
    Publisher Springer
    Start page 1
    End page 25
    Language eng
    Abstract This chapter examines the impacts of climate variability on selected socio-ecological settings in South Asia. A transdisciplinary conceptual framework is presented that blends multilevel interactions in a social-ecological-climate nexus. The overarching objective is to draw on empirical experience to build capacity to make use of climate data for societal needs, i.e., to facilitate climate change adaptation planning. The chapter has two modules. The first module, Climate Change Monitoring (CCM), details the operating structure of real-time climate data and its practical use. The second module, Climate Change Assessment (CCA), examines impacts and adaptation options using a case study approach. Focusing on the analytical process, the authors examine three socio-ecological subsystems, i.e., marine fisheries, a rice agroecosystem, and human migration, using a mixed "tool box" of meteorological data, remote sensing images, primary and secondary socioeconomic information, and a variety of software programs. The results indicate that (1) spatial indicators are useful in explaining a decline in marine ecosystem productivity; (2) local-level temperature variability is closely related to agroecosystem transitions; and (3) climatic variability, especially increased frequency of extreme events, triggers human migration. The case studies highlight the need to employ real-time climate data in the design of adaptation strategies and the requirement for a transdisciplinary approach.
    Keyword Climate variability and change
    Adaptation
    Socio-ecological systems
    Transdisciplinary
    Copyright Holder Elsevier
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-40455-9_64-1
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    Created: Tue, 21 Jun 2016, 06:24:43 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH