Loss and Damage: The Role of Ecosystem Services

Zommers, Zinta, van der Geest, Kees, De Sherbinin, Alex, Kienberger, Stefan, Roberts, Erin, Harootunian, Gillisann, Sitati, Asha and James, Rachel (2016). Loss and Damage: The Role of Ecosystem Services. United Nations Environment Programme.

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    Author Zommers, Zinta
    van der Geest, Kees
    De Sherbinin, Alex
    Kienberger, Stefan
    Roberts, Erin
    Harootunian, Gillisann
    Sitati, Asha
    James, Rachel
    Title Loss and Damage: The Role of Ecosystem Services
    Publication Date 2016
    Place of Publication Nairobi
    Publisher United Nations Environment Programme
    Pages 84
    Language eng
    Abstract Loss and damage refers to the adverse effects of climate-related stressors on natural and human systems that cannot be, or have not been, avoided through mitigation or managed through adaptation efforts. To date, studies of loss and damage have focused primarily on human systems and tended to overlook the mediating role of ecosystems and the services ecosystems provide to society. This results in a serious knowledge gap. Climate-induced loss and damage to human systems may result from permanent or temporary effects of climatic stressors on ecosystems and the services they provide. More information is needed. Indeed, the Paris Agreement urges Parties to enhance understanding, action and support in areas such as, “Resilience of communities, livelihoods and ecosystems”. Therefore this report tries to advance understanding of climatic stressor effects on ecosystems and possible correlations and implications for societal losses and damages. Five case studies from Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America are used to illustrate effects through realworld examples, covering a range of climatic stressors, such as drought, floods, heat waves, and cyclones. Several of the case studies describe extreme events which appear to have been made more likely due to climate change, and events of this nature may be more likely as climate change intensifies.
    Keyword Loss and damage
    Copyright Holder UNEP
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9789280735529
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    Created: Wed, 25 May 2016, 21:05:27 JST