Labour market and unemployment in Sudan

Nour, Samia Satti O. M. (2011). Labour market and unemployment in Sudan. UNU-MERIT.

Document type:
Report

Metadata
Versions
Statistics
  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Nour, Samia Satti O. M.
    Title Labour market and unemployment in Sudan
    Publication Date 2011
    Place of Publication Maastricht, NL
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Pages n/a
    Abstract This paper examines the structure of the labour market and unemployment in Sudan. One advantage of our analysis in this paper is that we explain several stylized facts on labour market using new secondary data on population, employment and unemployment based on Sudan Central Bureau of Statistics (2010) the Fifth Sudan Population and Housing Census (2008). An interesting element in our analysis is that we explain several stylized facts on the relation between structure of the labour market and demographic structure, labour force, participation rates, economic activities, low skill level and high unemployment rate defined by gender, mode of living and main geographic areas in Sudan. Different from the findings in the empirical literature in support of the Phillips curve on the negative correlation between inflation and unemployment rates, we find positive and significant correlation between unemployment and inflation rates in Sudan during the period (2000-2008). Moreover, different from the analysis in the Sudanese literature we present a more comprehensive analysis of four stylized facts on the unemployment problem in Sudan, these include distinction of several types of unemployment; interpretation of unemployment problem from two different endogenous and exogenous perspectives due to endogenous and exogenous causes; analysis of high incidence of unemployment among youth population and high mismatch between educational qualifications -supply- and labour market requirements- demand. The major policy implication from our findings indicate that since unemployment problem is related to these endogenous and exogenous causes, therefore, policies intervention for reducing unemployment should deal with these endogenous and exogenous causes. Notably, improvement of job creation and quality of educational policies and consistency between educational qualifications (output) and labour market requirements. Another major policy implication from our result on the significant positive correlation between increase in unemployment and inflation rates (2000-2008), implies that macroeconomic policies aimed at or targeting reducing inflation rates would also contribute to reduce unemployment rates in Sudan.
    Keyword Labour market
    Employment
    Unemployment
    Sudan
    JEL E24
    J10
    J11
    J20
    J21
    J23
    J24
    J64
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2011
    Copyright type All rights reserved
  • Versions
    Version Filter Type
  • Citation counts
    Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
    Access Statistics: 532 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 16:15:01 JST