Respiratory symptoms from particulate air pollution related to vehicle traffic in Amman, Jordan

Alnawaiseh, Nedal A., Hashim, Jamal H., Md. Isa, Zaleha and Salahat, Samar J., (2014). Respiratory symptoms from particulate air pollution related to vehicle traffic in Amman, Jordan. European Journal of Scientific Research, 120(4), 550-563

Document type:
Article
Collection:

Metadata
Links
Versions
Statistics
  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Alnawaiseh, Nedal A.
    Hashim, Jamal H.
    Md. Isa, Zaleha
    Salahat, Samar J.
    Title Respiratory symptoms from particulate air pollution related to vehicle traffic in Amman, Jordan
    Appearing in European Journal of Scientific Research
    Volume 120
    Issue No. 4
    Publication Date 2014-04-01
    Place of Publication Mahe
    Publisher EuropJournals
    Start page 550
    End page 563
    Language eng
    Abstract

    The most air-polluted area in Jordan is Amman city. Total suspended particulate (TSP) and particulate matter 10μm (PM10) in the city mainly originate from motor vehicle sources. The study respondents were 598 residents (cross-sectional comparative study); they were selected using a two-stage simple random sampling method from two study locations with different magnitude of air pollution as high and low air pollution area. Data on respiratory symptoms were collected through (ATS-DLD-78-A). The findings indicate that TSP and PM10 were still significantly correlated with traffic count even after controlling for meteorological parameters (p < 0.001). The most prevalent respiratory symptoms were frequent cough (26.9%), followed by frequent phlegm and shortness of breath (SOB) (23.7%), and wheezing (19.2%). The adjusted odds ratios (AOR) for frequent cough, frequent sputum, wheezing, and SOB of residents in high pollution area (HPA) were (2.63, p < 0.001); (1.57, p = 0.020); (1.47, p = 0.030); and (2.31, p < 0.001), respectively, compared to the residents of the low-pollution area (LPA). TSP and PM10 were significantly associated with vehicle traffic count. Respiratory symptoms were more prevalent among residents of HPA, and those residing close to the main roads.

    Keyword Amman
    Air pollution
    Vehicle traffic
    Respiratory symptoms
    Copyright Holder European Journal of Scientific Research
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 1450216X
  • Versions
    Version Filter Type
  • Citation counts
    Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
    Access Statistics: 543 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
    Created: Tue, 29 Sep 2015, 12:33:41 JST