Independent associations of maternal education and household wealth with malaria risk in children

Siri, José G., (2014). Independent associations of maternal education and household wealth with malaria risk in children. Ecology and Society, 19(1), n/a-n/a

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Siri, José G.
    Title Independent associations of maternal education and household wealth with malaria risk in children
    Appearing in Ecology and Society
    Volume 19
    Issue No. 1
    Publication Date 2014
    Place of Publication Nova Scotia
    Publisher The Resilience Alliance
    Start page n/a
    End page n/a
    Language eng
    Abstract

    Despite evidence that they play similar but independent roles, maternal education and household wealth are usually
    conflated in studies of the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on malaria risk. Demographic and Health Survey and Malaria Indicator
    Survey data from nine countries in sub-Saharan Africa were used to explore the relationship of malaria parasitemia in children with
    SES factors at individual and cluster scales, controlling for urban/rural residence and other important covariates. In multilevel logistic
    regression modeling, completion of six years of maternal schooling was associated with significantly lower odds of infection in children
    (OR = 0.73), as was a household wealth index at the 40th percentile compared to the lowest percentile (OR = 0.48). These relationships
    were nonlinear, with significant quadratic terms for both education and wealth. Cluster-level wealth index was also associated with a
    reduction in risk (OR = 0.984 for a one percentile increase in mean wealth index), as was urban residence (OR = 0.59). Among other
    covariates, increasing child’s age and household size category were positively correlated with infection, and sleeping under an insecticidetreated
    bednet the previous night (OR = 0.80) was associated with a moderate reduction in risk. Considerable variation in parameter
    estimates was observed among country-specific models. Future work should clearly distinguish between maternal education and
    household resources in assessing malaria risk, and malaria prevention and control efforts should be aware of the potential benefits of
    supporting the development of human capital.

    UNBIS Thesaurus HEALTH STATISTICS
    MALARIA
    MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
    MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS
    SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS
    DEMOGRAPHIC STATISTICS
    Copyright Holder The Author
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISSN 17083087
    DOI 10.5751/ES-06134-190133
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