Fuel switching in slum and non-slum households in urban India

Ahmad, Sohail and Puppim de Oliveira, José A., (2015). Fuel switching in slum and non-slum households in urban India. Journal of Cleaner Production, 94 130-136

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Ahmad, Sohail
    Puppim de Oliveira, José A.
    Title Fuel switching in slum and non-slum households in urban India
    Appearing in Journal of Cleaner Production
    Volume 94
    Publication Date 2015-05-01
    Place of Publication Amsterdam
    Publisher Elsevier
    Start page 130
    End page 136
    Language eng
    Abstract Improving access to modern fuels is essential in developing countries for reducing adverse human health and environmental impacts caused by traditional fuels. Fuels use in developing countries is heterogeneous across households. This paper estimates drivers of fuel switching in non-slum and slum households in urban India, using a discrete choice model on a nationally representative micro data. The choices considered are three categories of cooking fuels: traditional – firewood, dung, crop residue and coal/charcoal; modern – kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); and mixed fuels. The results suggest that the patterns of fuels use are consistent with the energy ladder theory in urban India. In addition to income, the major determinants of modern fuels uptake are fuels prices, access to electricity and water supply, and education attainment. The increasing price of LPG affects the willingness to change fuels for low-income non-slum and the high-income slum households negatively. The analyses make a strong case for applying differential subsidies on modern fuels employing multidimensional aspects of poverty. Moreover, there is a need for partial diversion of existing fuels subsidies on improving physical and social capitals, which will result in uptake of modern fuels, particularly among disadvantaged communities.
    UNBIS Thesaurus INDIA
    Keyword Cooking energy
    Fuel switching
    Copyright Holder Elsevier
    Copyright Year 2015
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 09596526
    DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.072
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    Created: Thu, 30 Apr 2015, 16:23:10 JST by Makiko Arima on behalf of UNU IAS