Rainfall induced crop failure, food insecurity and outmigration in Same-Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Afifi, Tamer, Liwenga, Emma T. and Kwezi, Lukas, (2013). Rainfall induced crop failure, food insecurity and outmigration in Same-Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Climate and Development, Special Issue, 53-60

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Afifi, Tamer
    Liwenga, Emma T.
    Kwezi, Lukas
    Title Rainfall induced crop failure, food insecurity and outmigration in Same-Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
    Appearing in Climate and Development, Special Issue
    Publication Date 2013
    Place of Publication Oxford
    Publisher Taylor & Francis.
    Start page 53
    End page 60
    Language eng
    Abstract

    This article addresses the interrelation between rainfall variability, food insecurity and human mobility in three villages located in the Same District, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, namely the villages Vudee, Bangalala and Ruvu Mferejini which are of distinct elevation and precipitation levels. It runs a comparison between the three villages and shows that there is a positive relationship between rainfall shortage and out-migration, after taking other important demographic and socio-economic factors into account, such as age, wealth and education. The article further argues that the mechanism through which rainfall variability affects human mobility in the research site is food insecurity for humans and livestock.

    Keyword Same
    Kilimanjaro
    Rainfall
    Drought
    Water shortage
    Food insecurity
    Human migration
    Livelihood
    Livestock
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2012
    Copyright type Creative commons
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    Created: Fri, 17 Oct 2014, 12:06:45 JST