What Changes Gini Coefficients of Education? On the dynamic interaction between education, its distribution and growth

Ziesemer, Thomas (2011). What Changes Gini Coefficients of Education? On the dynamic interaction between education, its distribution and growth. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Ziesemer, Thomas
    Title What Changes Gini Coefficients of Education? On the dynamic interaction between education, its distribution and growth
    Publication Date 2011
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract We are interested in the relation between Gini coefficients of education, educational variables, and growth. We specify a system of 14 difference equations with lagged dependent variables in education variables, as well as a growth regression, auxiliary equations for savings and investment ratios, and the growth of the labour force and estimate all of them simultaneously. Having a closed system of 18 equations we run simulations, which show that for the panel average enrolment in tertiary education will go beyond 90%, and therefore drive transitional growth rates and average years of schooling to high levels and reduce inequality over time. This will be achieved by reductions in gender gaps, higher enrolment rates, and lower dropout rates, lower pupil-teacher ratios and higher public expenditure on education. There are no simple one-way causalities. Policies enhancing savings ratios and enrolment in tertiary education have the largest effects through the whole system.
    UNU Topics of Focus Education
    Keyword GINI coefficients
    Education
    Growth
    Simultaneous equation system
    JEL E24
    H52
    O11
    15
    40
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2011
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:00:04 JST