Business spaces between entrepreneurs and opportunities. The impact of the local built environment and zoning regulations on businesses in Dutch cities

Beckers, Pascal and Kloosterman, Robert C. (2011). Business spaces between entrepreneurs and opportunities. The impact of the local built environment and zoning regulations on businesses in Dutch cities. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Beckers, Pascal
    Kloosterman, Robert C.
    Title Business spaces between entrepreneurs and opportunities. The impact of the local built environment and zoning regulations on businesses in Dutch cities
    Publication Date 2011
    Place of Publication Maastricht, NL
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Pages 40
    Abstract Urban residential neighbourhoods, including migrant neighbourhoods, have become important incubation zones for small-scale businesses in recent years, and policy makers and academics alike are wondering which local factors affect this development. In this paper we analyse to what extent migrant neighbourhood characteristics related to the built environment and the local regulations matter in determining the possibilities for small businesses. We contrast two types of neighbourhoods in the Netherlands, namely pre-WWII neighbourhoods with relatively little functional separation between residential and commercial purposes, and post-WWII predominantly mono-functional residential neighbourhoods. We combine quantitative and qualitative methodology using available firm data from trade registers of the Dutch regional chambers of commerce, reviewing neighbourhood zoning regulations, and conducting group and individual interviews with neighbourhood experts and entrepreneurs. We find that the built environment of migrant neighbourhoods and its zoning do indeed appear to play a significant role in shaping the local business prospects of firms.
    Keyword Small-firm development
    Business success
    Local built environment
    Zoning regulations
    Neighborhood effects
    Urban residential neighbourhoods
    JEL R23
    R28
    J15
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2011
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:00:16 JST