Clinical Burden of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Selected Developing Countries

Maimaiti, Namaitijiang, Ahmed, Zafar, Isa, Zaleha Md., Ghazi, Hasanain F. and Aljunid, Syed M., (2013). Clinical Burden of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Selected Developing Countries. ScienceDirect, 2(2), 260-263

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Maimaiti, Namaitijiang
    Ahmed, Zafar
    Isa, Zaleha Md.
    Ghazi, Hasanain F.
    Aljunid, Syed M.
    Title Clinical Burden of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Selected Developing Countries
    Appearing in ScienceDirect
    Volume 2
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2013-02-01
    Place of Publication Amsterdam
    Publisher Elsevier
    Start page 260
    End page 263
    Language English
    Abstract Objective: To measure the clinical burden of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in selected developing countries. Methods: This is an extensive literature review of published articles on IPD in selected developing countries from East Asia, South Asia, Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America. We reviewed all the articles retrieved from the knowledge bases that were published between the years 2000 and 2010. Results: After applying the inclusion, exclusion, and quality criteria, the comprehensive review of the literature yielded 10 articles with data for pneumococcal meningitis, septicemia / bacteremia, and pneumonia. These selected articles were from 10 developing countries from ?ve different regions. Out of the 10 selected articles, 8 have a detailed discussion on IPD, one of them has detailed discussion on bacteremia and meningitis, and another one has discussed pneumococcal bacteremia. Out of these 10 articles, only 5 articles discussed the case-fatalityratio (CFR). In our article review, the incidence of IPD ranged from less than 5/100,000 to 416/100,000 population and the CFR ranged from 12.2% to 80% in the developing countries. Conclusions: There view demonstrated that the clinical burden of IPD was high in the developing countries. The incidence of IPD and CFR varies from region to region and from country to country. The IPD burden was highest in sub-Saharan African countries followed by South Asian countries. The CFR was low in high-income countries than in low-income countries.
    Copyright Holder International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR).
    Copyright Year 2013
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1016/j.vhri.2013.07.003
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    Created: Wed, 11 Jun 2014, 16:20:25 JST