Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Relationship with Energy Intake and Micronutrient Composition among Primary School Children in Baghdad City, Iraq

Aljunid, Syed M., Ghazi, Hasanain F., Isa, Zaleha Md., Shah, Shamsul Azhar and Abdalqader, Mohammed A., (2013). Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Relationship with Energy Intake and Micronutrient Composition among Primary School Children in Baghdad City, Iraq. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(2), 200-204

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Aljunid, Syed M.
    Ghazi, Hasanain F.
    Isa, Zaleha Md.
    Shah, Shamsul Azhar
    Abdalqader, Mohammed A.
    Title Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Relationship with Energy Intake and Micronutrient Composition among Primary School Children in Baghdad City, Iraq
    Appearing in Pakistan Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
    Volume 12
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2013-06-01
    Place of Publication Kuala Lumpur
    Publisher Asian Network for Scientific Information
    Start page 200
    End page 204
    Language English
    Abstract Nutrient component of diet is very important, especially for children during the development stages. Diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for healthy children. This study was conducted to assess the associations between energy intake, macronutrient composition and child Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score. A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7 to 8 years old from 5 primary schools in Baghdad city. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall. Body weight status was determined using weight and height. While intelligence quotient was evaluated using Raven Colored Progressive Matrices. A total of 480 children participated in this study. The mean age was 8.00ᄆ0.56 years. Mean energy intake among the children was 1, 020 kcal per day. There were excessive intake of vitamin B1, B2 and B3 (0.88, 1.12, 12.27 mg) respectively. Both low and normal IQ groups showed a large difference in vitamin A and iodine intakes. After adjusting for confounders, parental working status, Iodine level and child nutritional status still appeared to be the most important factors influencing child IQ. It is concluded that sufficient nutrient intake is very important during child cognitive development. Child nutritional status and iodine deficiency were the most important factors related to childメs intelligence among the respondents.
    Keyword 24-hour dietary recall
    Iq
    Iodine
    Bmi-for-age z score
    Baghdad
    Copyright Holder Asian Network for Scientific Information
    Copyright Year 2013
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 1680-5194
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