International entrepreneurship and technological capabilities in the Middle East and North Africa

Brach, Juliane and Naudé, Wim (2012). International entrepreneurship and technological capabilities in the Middle East and North Africa. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Brach, Juliane
    Naudé, Wim
    Title International entrepreneurship and technological capabilities in the Middle East and North Africa
    Publication Date 2012
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract In this paper we investigate the extent of international entrepreneurship in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Oman and Syria using a dataset covering 3,281 firms. We find that weak technological capabilities constrain internationalization. Firms with ISO accreditation, an own website, and those who have introduced new technology have a higher probability of entering export markets than otherwise. Firms in high-tech sectors are more likely to export early. However with foreign shareholding this advantage of high-tech firms disappears. The results suggest that early international entrepreneurs may need to pay more in informal payments if they want to increase the share of their exports once they have entered into export markets. We derive implications for policy and further research.
    Keyword International entrepreneurship
    Exports
    Entrepreneurial capabilities
    Innovation
    Middle East
    North Africa
    MENA
    JEL L26
    L25
    M16
    O55
    F23
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2012
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:05:43 JST