Indicators for management of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services : city biodiversity index

Kohsaka, Ryo, Pereira, Henrique M., Elmqvist, Thomas, Chan, Lena, Moreno-Peñaranda, Raquel, Morimoto, Yukihiro, Inoue, Takashi, Iwata, Mari, Nishi, Maiko, Mathias, Maria da Luz, Souto Cruz, Carlos, Cabral, Mariana, Brunfeldt, Minna, Parkkinen, Anni, Niemelä, Jari, Kulkarni-Kawli, Yashada and Pearsall, Grant, "Indicators for management of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services : city biodiversity index" in Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: challenges and opportunities (Heidelberg: Springer Netherlands, 2013), 699-718.

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  • Author Kohsaka, Ryo
    Pereira, Henrique M.
    Elmqvist, Thomas
    Chan, Lena
    Moreno-Peñaranda, Raquel
    Morimoto, Yukihiro
    Inoue, Takashi
    Iwata, Mari
    Nishi, Maiko
    Mathias, Maria da Luz
    Souto Cruz, Carlos
    Cabral, Mariana
    Brunfeldt, Minna
    Parkkinen, Anni
    Niemelä, Jari
    Kulkarni-Kawli, Yashada
    Pearsall, Grant
    Chapter Title Indicators for management of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services : city biodiversity index
    Book Title Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: challenges and opportunities
    Publication Date 2013
    Place of Publication Heidelberg
    Publisher Springer Netherlands
    Start page 699
    End page 718
    Abstract Capturing the status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem services in urban landscapes represents an important part of understanding whether a metropolitan area is developing along a sustainable trajectory or not. However, this task also represents unique challenges for policy makers and scientists alike, challenges that lie at both the methodological (scaling, boundaries, definitions) and institutional levels (integrating biodiversity and ecosystems with social and economic goals). In this chapter we report on the experiences from municipalities in several countries where the newly developed City Biodiversity Index (CBI) has been applied and tested. The purpose here is not to compare or rank different municipalities but rather to deepen our understanding of the science underlying the indicators and contribute improvements to the CBI in different contexts. Based on experiences in implementing the CBI in 14 cities in Japan, and in Lisbon (Portugal), Helsinki (Finland), Mira Bhainder (India) and Edmonton (Canada) it is evident that the CBI has limitations that need to be addressed: (1) lack of data and the scale and boundaries need careful consideration, (2) the scoring represents a challenge as the bio-geographical differences or the profile of the cities varies largely, (3) the number and scope of ecosystems captured are limited and a broader range of ecosystem services should be included, and (4) the integrated social-ecological dimension of cities needs further development. However, it is also evident that CBI has some unique features, and can perhaps most importantly serve as both a tool that brings managers, scientists and other stakeholders together to act on the role of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the cities as well as a tool for assessing the impacts of different policies and land planning options on urban biodiversity.
    Copyright Holder The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s)
    Copyright Year 2013
    Copyright type Creative Commons
    ISBN 9789400770881
    DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1_32
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    Created: Mon, 14 Apr 2014, 15:22:22 JST