Paying informally for public health care in Albania: scarce resources or governance failure?

Tomini, Sonila and Groot, Wim (2012). Paying informally for public health care in Albania: scarce resources or governance failure?. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Tomini, Sonila
    Groot, Wim
    Title Paying informally for public health care in Albania: scarce resources or governance failure?
    Publication Date 2012
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract Informal payments for health care are common in most former communist countries. This paper explores the demand side of these payments in Albania. Using tobit and Heckman selection models we control for individual determinants of informal payments in outpatient and inpatient health care. Propensity score matching techniques are used to investigate the changes in the characteristics of people paying informally over the different years. Our findings suggest that vulnerable groups in society remain less protected against such payments and policy measures have not reached the most deprived regions of the country.
    Keyword Informal payment
    Health policy
    Heckman selection model
    Propensity score matching
    JEL I18
    I1
    P36
    C24
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2012
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:06:51 JST