Groundwater resources development for livelihoods enhancement in the sahel region: a case study of Niger

Cheo, Ambe Emmanuel, Ibrahim, Boubacar and Tambo, Erick Gankam, "Groundwater resources development for livelihoods enhancement in the sahel region: a case study of Niger" in Groundwater for Sustainable Livelihoods and equitable Growth ed. Re, Viviana, Manzione, Rodrigo Lilla, Abiye, Tamiru A., Mukherji, Aditi and MacDonald, Alan (Leiden: CRC Press, 2022), 25-61.

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  • Author Cheo, Ambe Emmanuel
    Ibrahim, Boubacar
    Tambo, Erick Gankam
    Book Editor Re, Viviana
    Manzione, Rodrigo Lilla
    Abiye, Tamiru A.
    Mukherji, Aditi
    MacDonald, Alan
    Chapter Title Groundwater resources development for livelihoods enhancement in the sahel region: a case study of Niger
    Book Title Groundwater for Sustainable Livelihoods and equitable Growth
    Publication Date 2022-03-31
    Place of Publication Leiden
    Publisher CRC Press
    Start page 25
    End page 61
    Language eng
    Abstract Groundwater is an important resource for food production, drinking water supply, drought mitigation, and economic development especially for rural communities around the world. The rapid expansion in agricultural groundwater use in the last few decades has transformed rural economies in large parts of the developing world, in particular South Asia and North China. The main reason why groundwater is increasingly gaining prominence as a water source is the high natural storage capacity; the water quality is often good; the infrastructure is more affordable to poor communities, with a higher resilience to inter-annual variability when compared to surface water, which enables it to be used even during times of drought. In recent time, the use of agricultural groundwater has expanded but little is known about its contribution or linkages in enhancing rural livelihoods for future planning in the Sahel region. Published literature indicates that groundwater used on a 1–2 million hectares of cropped area, yields a direct 1.5 - 3% contribution to the livelihoods of the rural population in sub-Saharan Africa. While data are lacking, it is difficult to justify the role of groundwater in improving rural livelihood in the Sahel region. This book chapter seeks to understand the linkages between groundwater resources development and the improvement of rural livelihood aiming to provide guidance for policies and investments in innovative water interventions. Through the review of the growing body of existing literature combined with analysis of secondary data (from FAO databases, FEWS NET, World Bank etc.) and practical project experience in Niger, the study concluded that to assess the added value of agricultural groundwater use in support of rural livelihoods in the Sahel region should be based on sustainable livelihoods framework and Livelihood zoning models that have typically been applied in Asia. The study recommends the collection of more data that are in line with the different capitals of the sustainable livelihoods framework for better analysis and to generate evidence based results.
    Copyright Holder Taylor & Francis Group LLC
    Copyright Year 2022
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9780367903862
    DOI 10.1201/9781003024101
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    Created: Fri, 13 May 2022, 16:55:34 JST by Aarti Basnyat on behalf of UNU EHS