Institutional Challenges of Technological Change: What Can Indonesia Tell Us 10 Years After DSO Policy Was Initiated?

Zaber, Moinul, Rohman, Ibrahim and Fadilla, Raka, "Institutional Challenges of Technological Change: What Can Indonesia Tell Us 10 Years After DSO Policy Was Initiated?" 48th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy (TPRC48), Online, 2021/02/17-19.

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    Author Zaber, Moinul
    Rohman, Ibrahim
    Fadilla, Raka
    Title Institutional Challenges of Technological Change: What Can Indonesia Tell Us 10 Years After DSO Policy Was Initiated?
    Event Series Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
    Publication Date 2021
    Place of Publication Rochester
    Publisher SSRN
    Pages 32
    Title of Event 48th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy (TPRC48)
    Date of Event 2021/02/17-19
    Place of Event Online
    Language eng
    Abstract Indonesia is one of the countries that has not yet successfully completed digital switchover (DSO). We scrutinize the institutional and regulatory challenges that Indonesia is facing to free up the spectrum. We analyze the reasons behind a decade-long delay and ongoing endeavors to implement DSO in the country. Indonesia started the initiative in 2008 when the broadcasting law was put in place. However, as of 2019, the country has not yet commenced the switch over. The Indonesian broadcast industry is dominated mainly by the analog terrestrial TV services offered by 419 broadcasters. While there is a wide choice of TV delivery platforms, namely, analog terrestrial TV, digital satellite TV, analog and digital cable TV, the industry still fails to modernize to commence DSO despite regulatory and governmental efforts. In July 2012 the ministry of communication and information, Technology (Kominfo) introduced the Ministerial Decree No.: 17/2012, to establish a high-level committee to understand the challenges of DSO and the broadcast industry. However, the initiative failed to impact future processes. We analyze from the institutional economics perspective, the role of the unique regulatory structure of Indonesia on the delay in the process. In this respect, we study the aspects of regulatory independence, the policies in place, funding, and inclusion of stakeholders in the planning process. We note a number of issues: lack of regulatory independence, absence of government’s initiatives to play a critical role, uncertainty in the timeline, unresolved issues with technical standards, lack of economic assessment of both the broadcasters and mobile network operator’s cost and failing to add the consumers in the planning process. One of the crucial challenges is the fact that the majority of Indonesia’s broadcasters are affiliated with political parties. Moreover, imbalance in digital sector development in Java and out of Java regions cause huge differences in ICT adoption. TV programs are still viewed by 70% of households in out-of-Java areas where most votes might generate. Whereas in Java the ubiquity of the Internet and ‘Triple Play’ has significantly reduced the dependency of people on national broadcasters. All of these are the sources of institutional hindrances that are the causes of DSO delay in Indonesia.
    Keyword Spectrum management
    digital switch over
    DSO
    ASO
    Copyright Holder SSRN
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type Creative commons
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    Created: Fri, 06 May 2022, 23:18:36 JST by Mario Peixoto on behalf of UNU EGOV