Lessons Learned from the 1997–98 El Niño: Once Burned, Twice Shy?

Glantz, Michael H. (2000). Lessons Learned from the 1997–98 El Niño: Once Burned, Twice Shy?. Reducing the Impact of Environmental Emergencies through Early Warning and Preparedness: The Case of the 1997–98 El Niño. United Nations University.

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  • Sub-type Technical report
    Author Glantz, Michael H.
    Editor Adeel, Zafar
    Collins, Terry
    Coughlan, Michael
    Harding, John
    Alusa, Alex
    Title Lessons Learned from the 1997–98 El Niño: Once Burned, Twice Shy?
    Series Title Reducing the Impact of Environmental Emergencies through Early Warning and Preparedness: The Case of the 1997–98 El Niño
    Publication Date 2000-10
    Place of Publication Tokyo
    Publisher United Nations University
    Pages 28
    Language eng
    Abstract The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) was awarded a grant by the UN Foundation, and in cooperation with the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) (Boulder, Colorado, USA), carried out a study of the impacts of the 1997–98 El Niño event on sixteen countries in four major areas: Asia, Southeast Asia, Subsaharan Africa, and Latin America. The study was a partnership among United Nations agencies in addition to UNEP and NCAR’s Environmental and Societal Impacts Group: the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) World Climate Program, the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR, now the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, ISDR) and the UN University’s Environment and Sustainable Development Programme. This assessment reviewed the forecasts and impacts of the 1997–98 El Niño, as well as the climate-related early warning and natural disaster preparedness systems in the selected countries in order to improve their ENSO coping mechanisms. Based on this assessment, the project identified research and policy needs and developed suggestions for regional and national disaster preparedness plans for ENSO warm and cold events and their impacts.
    Keyword el niño impacts
    el niño forecasts
    ENSO
    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2000
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Wed, 13 Apr 2022, 11:10:59 JST by Eric Tran on behalf of UNU Centre