Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño Event in Indonesia

Kamal Kishore, Subbiah, Arjunapermal, Tien Sribimawati, Ir. Diharto, Sutarto Alimoeso, Peter Rogers and Adang Setiana (2000). Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño Event in Indonesia. Reducing the Impact of Environmental Emergencies through Early Warning and Preparedness in the Case of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). United Nations University.

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  • Sub-type Technical report
    Author Kamal Kishore
    Subbiah, Arjunapermal
    Tien Sribimawati
    Ir. Diharto
    Sutarto Alimoeso
    Peter Rogers
    Adang Setiana
    Title Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño Event in Indonesia
    Series Title Reducing the Impact of Environmental Emergencies through Early Warning and Preparedness in the Case of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
    Publication Date 2000-10
    Place of Publication Bangkok
    Publisher United Nations University
    Pages 68
    Language eng
    Abstract The 1997-98 El Niño had significant social and economic implications for Indonesia. A large part of the country suffered from severe drought, resulting in a huge short-fall in rice production that necessitated the import of over five million tons of rice to ensure food availability to the economically weaker sections of the society. In the forestry sector, the effects of large-scale forest fires during 1997-98 were unprecedented, damaging more than 9.7 million ha of forest area (ADB and BAPPENAS, 1999). The smoke and transboundary haze from these fires affected not only Indonesia but also other Southeast Asian countries, in particular Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore. In addition to impacts on the agriculture and forestry sectors, the 1997-98 drought and fires also significantly affected other sectors such as transportation, tourism and public health. Given that the linkage between El Niño events and drought in Indonesia has been well established scientifically, it is important to analyze why this scientific understanding did not translate into effective countermeasures essential to mitigate the worst effects of El Niño 1997-98. This report presents an analysis of the impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño event on Indonesia and identifies lessons learned that will be helpful in dealing with future extreme climate events.
    UNBIS Thesaurus INDONESIA
    CLIMATE
    WATER RESOURCES
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    METEOROLOGY
    EL NINO CURRENT
    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2000
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Tue, 09 Nov 2021, 16:14:09 JST