Understanding the conceptual frameworks and methods of the food–energy–water nexus at the household level for development-oriented policy support: a systematic review

Itayi, Chirenje Leonard, Mohan, Geetha and Saito, Osamu, (2021). Understanding the conceptual frameworks and methods of the food–energy–water nexus at the household level for development-oriented policy support: a systematic review. Environmental Research Letters, 16(3), 1-34

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Itayi, Chirenje Leonard
    Mohan, Geetha
    Saito, Osamu
    Title Understanding the conceptual frameworks and methods of the food–energy–water nexus at the household level for development-oriented policy support: a systematic review
    Appearing in Environmental Research Letters
    Volume 16
    Issue No. 3
    Publication Date 2021-03-01
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher IOP Publishing Ltd
    Start page 1
    End page 34
    Language eng
    Abstract This paper undertakes a systematic review of the literature to understand current trends in the food–energy–water (FEW) nexus for development-oriented policy support. The paper follows three steps: (a) a bibliometric analysis of FEW nexus research, (b) a content analysis of FEW nexus research, and (c) development of a framework that fills existing gaps in FEW nexus research. The review found that FEW nexus approaches have gained ground in academia as a resource management tool and policy guide; however, the process does not have a robust conceptualization. The current FEW nexus approaches focus on national, regional, and international scales of analysis to understand the three sectors’ interactions. Further, these approaches underline the nexus processes, which have been researched in detail, including synergies and tradeoffs. However, research on the FEW nexus has not adequately explored the social factors that form part of the nexus, especially at the local household scale. Factors such as the gender dynamics of resource ownership, work roles at different scales, household incomes, and culture are essential components that are yet to be explored in FEW nexus research. Most of the existing frameworks on the FEW nexus overemphasize models and the quantitative measurement of processes while paying limited attention to social aspects. Still, these social aspects are crucial, especially on the household scale; therefore, to overcome these gaps, this paper proposes a FEW nexus framework at the local household scale that includes socio-economic determinants.
    Keyword Food–energy–water nexus
    Methods
    Frameworks
    Household scale
    Factors
    Intermediaries
    Copyright Holder The Author(s)
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abd660
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    Created: Tue, 21 Sep 2021, 11:08:29 JST by Miwa Higashimuki on behalf of UNU IAS