Renewable energy for environmental protection: Life cycle inventory of Nigeria's palm oil production

Anyaoha, Kelechi E. and Zhang, Lulu, (2021). Renewable energy for environmental protection: Life cycle inventory of Nigeria's palm oil production. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 174 1-11

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Anyaoha, Kelechi E.
    Zhang, Lulu
    Title Renewable energy for environmental protection: Life cycle inventory of Nigeria's palm oil production
    Appearing in Resources, Conservation and Recycling   Check publisher's open access policy
    Volume 174
    Publication Date 2021-11
    Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Publisher Elsevier B.V.
    Start page 1
    End page 11
    Language eng
    Abstract Energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will increase significantly in the developing world. Scaling up bioenergy use and reducing GHG emissions is vital to achieving the Nationally Determined Contributions and advance the greener economy. This study investigated three types of palm oil processors to support technology advancement and renewable energy transition in the African oil palm industry. We compiled gate-to-gate life cycle inventories of large-scale, semi-mechanized, and smallholder processors of oil palm fresh fruit bunch in Nigeria. The inventory includes materials and energy inputs to the systems and outputs and emissions to the environment. The inputs are diesel, water, electricity, empty fruit bunch, palm kernel shell and mesocarp fibre for a functional unit of one tonne of fresh fruit bunch, while the outputs are crude palm oil, palm kernel, and all emissions to air and soil. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and dinitrogen oxide (N2O) emissions were 47% and 73% more in smallholder mills than in large-scale mills. Semi-mechanized mills produced 73% more N2O than large-scale mills. In contrast, large-scale mills emit 71% more methane (CH4) than smallholder and semi-mechanized mills. The study reveals critical hot spots of GHG emissions from different processors of Nigeria's oil palm industry.
    UNBIS Thesaurus PALM OIL
    Keyword Life cycle inventory
    Biomass-based energy
    GHG emission reduction
    Waste reduction
    Copyright Holder Elsevier B.V.
    Copyright Year 2021
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 0921-3449
    DOI 10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105797
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    Created: Wed, 04 Aug 2021, 00:25:49 JST by Eric Siegmund on behalf of UNU FLORES