Global Barriers To Improving Water Quality: A Critical Review

Metcalfe, Chris D., Guppy, Lisa and Qadir, Manzoor (2017). Global Barriers To Improving Water Quality: A Critical Review. UNU-INWEH Report Series. United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH).

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  • Sub-type Research report
    Author Metcalfe, Chris D.
    Guppy, Lisa
    Qadir, Manzoor
    Title Global Barriers To Improving Water Quality: A Critical Review
    Series Title UNU-INWEH Report Series
    Volume/Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2017-01-08
    Place of Publication Hamilton
    Publisher United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH)
    Pages 25
    Language eng
    Abstract Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 sets ambitious targets for improving global water quality prior to 2030. However, in low-income countries (LICs) and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), there are significant barriers to improving water quality. Progress towards achieving the SGD 6 targets is unlikely unless there are programmes put in place to address these barriers. In this critical review, we document past experiences that show that interventions within LICs and LMICs to reduce sources of water pollution from industries, municipal wastewater and agricultural runoff have been largely ineffective. We review evidence that improvements to water quality are likely to lag behind advances in other SGD targets in countries with developing economies. Finally, water quality monitoring programmes in many nations are unlikely to be effective because of inadequate frequency and density of measurements, as well as unreasonable expectations regarding the scope of the monitoring programmes. We present some potential solutions to these problems, including setting realistic objectives for monitoring programmes, developing appropriate, lowcost solutions for pollution abatement and focusing on strengthening institutional and regulatory capacity.
    UNBIS Thesaurus WATER MANAGEMENT
    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    ENVIRONMENT
    WATER
    Keyword Sustainable Development Goals
    Water quality
    Monitoring
    Pollution
    Wastewater
    Integrated water resources management
    Point-source
    Transboundary
    Copyright Holder United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH)
    Copyright Year 2017
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISBN 9789280860894
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    Created: Thu, 22 Oct 2020, 23:21:34 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH