On the Delivery of Pro-Poor Innovations: Managerial Lessons from Sanitation Activists in India

Ramani, Shyama V., SadreGhazi, Shuan and Duysters, Geert (2010). On the Delivery of Pro-Poor Innovations: Managerial Lessons from Sanitation Activists in India. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Ramani, Shyama V.
    SadreGhazi, Shuan
    Duysters, Geert
    Title On the Delivery of Pro-Poor Innovations: Managerial Lessons from Sanitation Activists in India
    Publication Date 2010
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract There is an emerging body of literature that examines how pro-poor product innovations should be created and what business models should accompany them. However, there is little on actual implementation practises and the present paper attempts to fill this void by analyzing the findings of the literature and confronting them with the actual field practises of sanitation activists in India. It demonstrates that the common thread that unifies progressive sanitation activists is their adoption of a ‘market based approach’. Market failures stemming from the demand side are shown to be due to problems of expressions of demand and their mismatch with perceptions of the value of the innovation. It also identifies how activists go beyond the academic model of assessing need, appropriateness of technology and demand to include practises for ‘accompaniment’, ‘sustainable maintenance’ and ‘generation of knowledge, demand and innovation spillovers’ in an endogenous fashion, providing an alternative to the ‘centralized platform delivery’ model.
    Keyword Pro-poor innovation
    Sanitation
    Delivery
    Bottom of the pyramid
    Implementation
    JEL O310
    O330
    O320
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2010
    ISSN 1871-9872
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:23:09 JST