Back from the Brink: A Comparative Study of UN Preventive Diplomacy in West and Central Africa

Brubaker, Rebecca and Druet, Dirk (2020). Back from the Brink: A Comparative Study of UN Preventive Diplomacy in West and Central Africa. United Nations University.

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  • Sub-type Policy brief
    Author Brubaker, Rebecca
    Druet, Dirk
    Title Back from the Brink: A Comparative Study of UN Preventive Diplomacy in West and Central Africa
    Publication Date 2020-06-25
    Place of Publication New York
    Publisher United Nations University
    Pages 39
    Language eng
    Abstract When The Gambia and Gabon held presidential elections in December and August 2016, respectively, both votes were important tests for the countries’ entrenched political establishments. In Gabon, President Ali Bongo Ondimba was seeking a second term after inheriting power from his father, who had ruled the country since 1967. In The Gambia, President Yahya Abdul-Aziz Jammeh was running his fifth campaign since seizing power in a military coup in 1992. Both elections produced fiercely contested results, which quickly translated into street protests and the potential for widespread violence. As part of the international community’s response to these risks, the United Nations = regional offices for Central and West Africa, respectively, deployed preventive diplomatic engagements, supported to varying degrees by the UN Country Teams and the UN Department of Political Affairs. Their efforts played important roles in breaking cycles of escalating violence and shepherding political processes towards peaceful settlements in both countries. This paper seeks to identify the nature and the comparative impact of the UN’s contribution to reducing the risk of conflict-related violence in both the short and medium terms in The Gambia and Gabon, following a period where widespread violence was considered imminent. In complex settings, causality is difficult to establish because many actors and factors contribute to the reduction or increase in violence. Moreover, the UN often plays a supportive rather than a leading role, not only in relation to the conflict parties but also vis-a-vis other external actors engaged in prevention. The challenge, therefore, is to isolate the impact of the UN, both on the conflict actors and others, in order to build a clearer picture of the UN’s contribution. In so doing, the analysis enables the UN to assess the effectiveness of its strategies, identify good practices, and enhance the effectiveness of its conflict prevention efforts in the future.
    UNBIS Thesaurus GAMBIA
    ELECTIONS
    GROUP CONFLICT PREVENTION
    ARMED CONFLICTS
    GABON
    WEST AFRICA
    CENTRAL AFRICA
    Keyword Contested Elections
    United Nations
    United Nations Security Council
    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISBN 9789280865172
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    Created: Wed, 24 Jun 2020, 02:41:00 JST by Dursi, Anthony on behalf of UNU Centre