Capacity challenges in water quality monitoring: understanding the role of human development

Kirschke, Sabrina, Avellán, Tamara, Bärlund, Ilona, Bogardi, Janos J., Carvalho, Laurence, Chapman, Deborah, Dickens, Chris W. S., Irvine, Kenneth, Lee, SungBong, Mehner, Thomas and Warner, Stuart, (2020). Capacity challenges in water quality monitoring: understanding the role of human development. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 192(298), 1-16

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Kirschke, Sabrina
    Avellán, Tamara
    Bärlund, Ilona
    Bogardi, Janos J.
    Carvalho, Laurence
    Chapman, Deborah
    Dickens, Chris W. S.
    Irvine, Kenneth
    Lee, SungBong
    Mehner, Thomas
    Warner, Stuart
    Title Capacity challenges in water quality monitoring: understanding the role of human development
    Appearing in Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
    Volume 192
    Issue No. 298
    Publication Date 2020-04-19
    Place of Publication Basel, Switzerland
    Publisher Springer Nature
    Start page 1
    End page 16
    Language eng
    Abstract Monitoring the qualitative status of freshwaters is an important goal of the international community, as stated in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) indicator 6.3.2 on good ambient water quality. Monitoring data are, however, lacking in many countries, allegedly because of capacity challenges of less-developed countries. So far, however, the relationship between human development and capacity challenges for water quality monitoring have not been analysed systematically. This hinders the implementation of fine-tuned capacity development programmes for water quality monitoring. Against this background, this study takes a global perspective in analysing the link between human development and the capacity challenges countries face in their national water quality monitoring programmes. The analysis is based on the latest data on the human development index and an international online survey amongst experts from science and practice. Results provide evidence of a negative relationship between human development and the capacity challenges to meet SDG 6.3.2 monitoring requirements. This negative relationship increases along the course of the monitoring process, from defining the enabling environment, choosing parameters for the collection of field data, to the analytics and analysis of five commonly used parameters (DO, EC, pH, TP and TN). Our assessment can be used to help practitioners improve technical capacity development activities and to identify and target investment in capacity development for monitoring.
    Keyword Capacity development
    Global survey
    Human development index
    SDG 6
    Water quality parameters
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2020
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISSN 15732959
    DOI 10.1007/s10661-020-8224-3
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    Created: Tue, 19 May 2020, 00:15:50 JST by Eric Siegmund on behalf of UNU FLORES